Counterfeit Goods

Information and statistics about counterfeiting and the sale of counterfeit goods. Estimated losses from counterfeits, markets where fake goods are sold, and other piracy statistics are collected from criminal justice programs and public information sources.

The Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India has reported that up to 20 percent of all road accidents that occur in India are due to counterfeit auto parts.  The counterfeiting of parts affected over 400 companies in India.

In addition to the fake auto parts, between 5 to 10 percent of products in the pharmaceutical industry consists of counterfeit drugs.

Source: Vithika Salomi, “Fake spares cause 20% of mishaps: Reports,” Times of India, August 31, 2013.

According to anti-counterfeiting lawyers in India, the market for counterfeit luxury goods in the country is increasing by 40 percent each year. The rise in replica handbags, shoes and clothing is greater than the increase for their legitimate items, as market analysts state that the luxury goods industry in India is rising by 20 percent.

Source:  Vijaya Rathore, “Luxury brands like Hermes, Gucci & others to take on faster growing fakes in India,” Economic Times, August 28, 2013.

A survey conducted by Book Industry Study Group fond that during the Spring 2013 semester, 34 percent of college students in the United States illegally downloaded course materials from unauthorized websites. In 2010, the percentage of textbook piracy 20 percent.

In addition to unauthorized downloads, 31 percent of students in the survey stated that they photocopied or scanned chapters from other student textbooks. The rate of unauthorized copying in 2010 was 21 percent.

According to a report by the Government Accountability Office, the costs of textbooks has been rising by 6 percent each year.

Source: David Schick and Mary Beth Marklein, “College students say no to costly textbooks,” USA Today, August 20, 2013.

According to media reports in Vietnam, teachers have been found to have purchased fake diplomas and teaching credentials in order to work in local schools. Based on interviews with police, the teachers paid between $50 and $600 (1 Million  to 12 Million Vietnamese Dong) for their fake diplomas.

Fake degrees from foreign universities area available for purchase for Vietnamese residents on the Internet. A Canadian-based website that was written in Vietnamese was offering fake degrees with an embossing seal from universities such as Yale and University College London. The prices for the fake degrees were between $1,200 to $1,500.

Another website based in the United States and  written in Vietnamese was offering fake diplomas and degrees and transcripts for $2,200 to $4,900.

Source:  Heip Pham, “As degree mills proliferate, new measures published,” University World News, August 24, 2013.

In 2012, up to 30 percent of the drugs sold in Kenya were believed to have been counterfeits, according to the Pharmacy and Poisons Board of Kenya.

In Ivory Coast, the rate of counterfeit drugs sold was between 20 to 25 percent.

Source:  AFP, “Counterfeit medicine trade targets Africa’s poor,” Google News, August 22, 2013.

In a campaign against fake credentials launched by the Education Ministry, the investigation discovered that nearly 620 employees of government offices in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were listing fake diplomas and degrees.

234 doctorate degrees, 230 master degrees and 56 bachelors degrees listed by government workers were discovered to have been fake.

Source:  “Around 620 Saudi govt officials found using fake degrees: report,” Geo TV, July 28, 2013.

Over 96 percent of retail stores surveyed in Cambodia were selling pirated software with the sale of personal computers, according to research conducted by Microsoft.

Out of 54 computer stores, the company found only 2 stores that were offering legitimate copies of Windows with newly purchased computers.

The high rate of software piracy is attributed to the cost of software. According to media reports, some software packages can cost up to $700 in Cambodia.

Source:  Simon Lewis and Hul Reaksmey, “Survey Finds PC Shops Sell Unlicensed Software,” Cambodia Daily, August 19, 2013.

Between 2008 and 2012, information technology company Hewlett Packard conducted over 4,600 anti-counterfeiting investigations across 88 countries. The investigations resulted in over 36 million counterfeit cartridges and components. 25 million of the counterfeit parts were seized in the Asia Pacific region.

Source:  Amanullah Khan, “HP detects 36480 fraudulent products in Pakistan,” Pakistan Observer, August 13, 2013.

British fashion companies such as Burberry lose up to $5.4 Billion (£3.5 Billion) a year to replica clothing and fake shoes.

In total, the United Kingdom losses at least $21 Billion, according to previous reports.

Source:  Shaunacy Ferro, “New technology spots designer knock-off,” Salon, August 8, 2013.

In the first 7 months of 2013, police in China conducted over 19,000 anti-counterfeiting cases throughout the country. The Ministry of Public Security reported that the counterfeit products seized and destroyed by the Chinese security service included:

Source:  “China police crack down on counterfeit goods,” Channel News Asia, August 10, 2013.