Substance Abuse

Information and statistics about substance abuse around the world. Statistics also includes drug addiction rates, drug trafficking information, and sales and prices of the illegal drug trade.

According to data released by criminal justice programs, India is a main supplier of illegal narcotics to countries in South Asia.

The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) reported that drugs and ingredients from India’s pharmaceutical industry is diverted to the black market. The illicit pharmaceutical pills are either trafficked domestically or smuggled on to the global black market.

In addition to prescription drugs, India provides most of the heroin that is consumed in Bangladesh. Most of the cannabis that is consumed in Bangladesh and Nepal is also produced in India and smuggled across the border.

Most of the ephedrine and pseudoephedrine uses to make meth in Myanmar is believed to have originated from India as well.

The rate of opium seizures in India has grown in the last three years. In 2009, government security agencies seized about 1.7 tonnes of opium in India. In 2012, over 3 tonnes of opium was seized.

14 kilograms of cocaine was seized in India in 2011. In 2012, the amount of cocaine seized tripled to 42 kilograms.

(All prescription drug abuse statistics.)

Source:  “Prescription drug abuse growing in India: UN report,” Indian Express, March 5, 2014.

A reader of Havocscope submitted the following information through our Submit Data form.

According to our reader, marijuana is sold for $15.56 to $18.67 (100 to 120 Swedish Krona).  The marijuana is available for sale in bags filled with 4 to 5 grams of marijuana. The 4 gram bags are sold for 500 Krona ($77.80), and the 5 gram bags for 600 Krona ($93.36).

Back around 2005 or 2008, the price of marijuana in Stockholm increased from 500 Krona for 5 grams  (100 kr per gram) to 600 Krona for 5 grams (120 kr per gram).

Wholesale prices for marijuana in Stockholm is between $3,900 to $6,260 (25,000 Krona to 40,000 Krona). 100 grams of marijuana is sold around $940 to $1,410 (6,000 to 9,000 Krona).

(See more marijuana prices from around the world.)

(See all Crowdsourced data about the black market.)

Source:  User Submitted Data, received by Havocscope on February 27, 2014. Updated on March 7, 2014.

In 2013, criminal justice agencies at Narita International Airport in Japan seized 270 kilograms of illegal drugs. The amount of drugs seized was the highest amount recorded since the airport opened in 1978.

The illegal drugs were seized in 82 cases of drug smuggling. In 12 of the cases, the drugs were being smuggled into Japan from flights originating from India. Following India, the next country of origin was China, where 9 people were arrested with narcotics, followed by Hong Kong with 5 people being arrested.

The amount of illegal drugs seized at Narita Airport in 2013 had a street value of $184 Million (18.8 Billion Japanese Yen).

(How much does cocaine cost?)

Source:  Julian Ryall, “Japanese drug smugglers use online shoppers as mules,” South China Morning Post, March 1, 2014.

Based on media reports from 2014, the latest available figures on the number of overdose deaths in the United States from heroin and prescription drugs abuse is as follows:

In 2010, there were 13,652 deaths from overdosing on prescription drugs in the United States. The number of deaths from overdosing on prescription drugs was more than triple the deaths reported in 1999.

For heroin, there were 2,789 deaths caused by overdosing on heroin in 2010.

(Cost of heroin around the world.)

Source:  Andrew Blankstein, “Heroin Overdose ‘Cure’ Exists, But Can Users Find It?,” NBC News, February 19, 2014.

The following is the top ten states that had the highest rate of drug overdose deaths based on 100,000 people.

The data was collected by the National Center for Health Statistics and the WONDER Online Database. The data is based on deaths in 2010.

1. West Virginia (28.9 deaths per 100,000 people.)

2. New Mexico (23.8)

3. Kentucky (23.6)

4. Nevada (20.7)

5. Oklahoma (19.4)

6. Arizona (17.5)

7. Missouri (17)

8. (tie) Tennessee and Utah (16.9)

10. Delaware (16.6)

Source:  Michael Ollove, “States combat alarming drug overdose deaths,” USA Today, February 20, 2014.

According to criminal justice programs in India, sales of illegal drugs in Goa, India is worth $950 Million a year.

The types of drugs sold in the Western state includes all major drugs such as cocaine, ecstasyheroin, methamphetamine and marijuana.

Drug trafficking in the popular tourist areas were previously controlled by organized crime gangs with members from Britain, Israel, Russia, as well as domestic Indian gangs.

Since 2009, security intelligence and arrests have shown that there have been an increase in trafficking gangs from Nigeria. Between 2010 and 2013, police in Goa arrested 189 Nigerians for crimes such as drug trafficking or lacking proper visas and travel documents. Roughly 40 percent of all foreigners arrested for trafficking illegal drugs in Goa was from Nigeria.

(How much does heroin cost?)

Source:  Rama Lakshmi, “Tourism crisis on India’s ‘cocaine coast’,” Toronto Star, February 15, 2014.

According to intelligence released by criminal justice programs in Montana, a gram of meth sold on the streets of Montana goes for $187 per gram on average.

(How much does meth cost? Prices from around the world.)

The state has seen an increase in the amount of meth being seized by police. In 2011, security forces seized 818 grams in Helena, Montana. In the first month of 2014, over 828 grams of meth has been seized.

In 2012, a total of $128,000 worth of meth was seized by the Helena Police Department during the entire year. In the first month of 2014, $150,000 worth of meth was seized.

An estimated 50 percent of prison inmates in the state are serving time for meth-related cries. The cost to house these inmates costs the Montana Government $60 Million a year. Nearly 20 percent of adults in drug treatment centers are addicted to methamphetamine. The drug rehab program in Montana costs the state around $6 Million a year.

(Additional crystal meth facts.)

Source:  Melissa Anderson, “The cost of meth in Montana,” KAJ18, February 13, 2014.

Havocscope recently received submitted data on the street price of heroin and cocaine in the US State of Kentucky.

According to data submitted to Havocscope, the price of heroin in Louisville, Kentucky is $100 for a half gram, and $200 for a gram.

In the city of Henderson, Kentucky, the street price of cocaine is reportedly $100 per gram.

(See all user submitted data about the black market.)

Source: Louisville data submitted to Havocscope, February 5, 2014.

Source:  Henderson data submitted to Havocscope, February 8, 2014.

There has been a rise in meth use in San Diego country within the last several years.

Between 2008 and 2012, the number of deaths in San Diego due to methamphetamine increased by 55 percent, with 217 dying due to meth in 2012.

Between the same time period, there was an increase of 56 percent in arrests of people buying and selling meth in San Diego.

36 percent of people arrested in San Diego in 2012 tested positive for meth in their system, compared to 24 percent in 2008.

144 meth drug trafficking cases were prosecuted in federal court in 2008. In 2013, federal prosecutors handled 910 meth cases.

(How much does meth cost?)

Back in the 1980s, San Diego had the unofficial title of being the meth capital of the world. During that time period, security services believed that the close proximity to Mexico, along with open spaces to create meth labs and operations of bikers gangs all contributed to the meth industry.

(See all methamphetamine facts.)

Source:  Tony Perry, “Meth makes comeback in San Diego, once the ‘capital,’ officials say,” Los Angeles Times, LA Now, February 8, 2014.

Between September 2013 and January 2014, public health programs in Maryland have reported that 37 people have died from heroin laced with fentanyl. During that time period, over 300 people died from heroin overdoses in the state. Thus, fentanyl accounted for over 10 percent of all heroin deaths in the five month period.

(Additional heroin addiction statistics.)

Fentanyl is a power opiate that is used in pain killer medicines. When laced with heroin, it creates a powerful drug combination. At the end of 2013 and the start of 2014, a strong batch of heroin laced with fentanyl was being sold to heroin users across the Northeast. Those that have used the fentanyl laced heroin reported that the heroin looks whiter than regular heroin.

Due to its strong effects, officials are concerned that more users will gravitate towards it. This also leads officials to decline to release the name of the brand of heroin that may be laced with fentanyl.

(How much does heroin cost around the world?)

Aside for fentanyl, heroin is getting stronger and more potent in the United States. Most of the heroin seized on the streets are found to be 60 to 70 percent pure, compared to a 5 percent purity level in the 1970s.

Source:  Justin Fenton, “Fentanyl-linked heroin deaths part of larger drug overdose trend,” Baltimore Sun, February 8, 2014.

Source:  Ian Duncan and Justin Fenton, “Police and feds launch deadly heroin cocktail investigation,” Baltimore Sun, February 4, 2014.