Transnational Crime

Information and statistics about transnational crime. Data about security threats and vulnerabilities from transnational organized crime groups are collected from intelligence agencies, criminal justice programs and other public information sources.

The PCC (First Command of the Capital), a criminal organization in Brazil, makes $60 Million a year through drug trafficking and other racketeering activities.

Based on data collected from various criminal justice programs, a report found that the crime syndicate has over 11,000 members with 6,000 in prison. The leaders of the group operate out of a Sao Paulo prison and conducts its activities in 22 of the 26 states of Brazil. Its operations has also expanded to neighboring Bolivia and Paraguay.

(What is racketeering? Examples from worldwide cases here.)

Source:  AFP, “Brazil’s top prison gang runs $60 million crime trade,” Google News, October 12, 2013.

Between 2006 and 2012, over 45 mayors have been killed and 30 have gone missing in Mexico. Security agencies attribute the killings to the work of drug cartels.

According to the National Confederation of Municipalities, organized crime activities threaten 40 percent of Mexico’s municipalities.

Source:  Dudley Althaus, “Mexico’s mayors are under the gangster gun,” Global Post, October 11, 2013.

According to a study published by HP, the average cost to corporation in the United States from a cyber attack is $11.56 Million. The costs associated with a cyber attack was up 26 percent from 2012 and 78 percent from 2009.

On average, there were 122 successful cyber attacks and penetrations to US companies each week in 2013.  The cost of resolve a cyber attack at a company was $32,469 per day, with each attack taking an average of 32 days to resolve.

The most expensive type of cyber crimes committed reported by the companies were denial-of-service attacks, insider attacks and other web-based attacks. These three types of cyber crimes accounted for 55 percent of all cyber security costs each year.

Source:  “Most costly cybercrime attacks: Denial-of-service, malicious insider and web-based,” Network World, October 9, 2013.

An investigative report by the BBC found that the services of prostitutes is readily available at international hotels across China. Many of the prostitutes are provided to hotel customers through the use of independently run spas located within the hotel. However, the report did find one instance where a prostitute stated that her bill could be paid for at the front desk when the customers checked out.

One spa operator provided the BBC with a flyer which stated that the price for a prostitute in the hotel was $130 (800 Chinese Yuan).

A prostitute told the reporter that she sees up to 3 clients a day and earns 40 percent of the fee that is charged to the customer.

(More prostitution prices worldwide.)

Source:  John Sudworth, “China sex trade infiltrates international hotels,” BBC News, October 11, 2013.

Additional prostitution stats and prices available in our ebook:
prostitutionbook

Security agencies in Brazil registered 263 cases of human trafficking in the first half of 2013. The number of cases reported was 1,500 percent higher than the 17 human trafficking cases reported in the first half of 2012.

170 cases between January to June 2013 involved foreign nationals being trafficked into Brazil, while 90 cases were of domestic trafficking.

Of the international cases, 42 were for labor trafficking, 2 were of organ trafficking, and the rest were for sex trafficking.

64 of the domestic trafficking cases were for sex trafficking, 25 for labor trafficking and 1 case of illegal adoptions.

Source:  Miriam Wells, “Reports of Human Trafficking Rise Dramatically In Brazil,” Insight Crime, October 10, 2013.

Police in Turkey broke up an organ trafficking ring that was operating across the country. According to media reports, the traffickers were purchasing livers and kidneys for $10,000 (20,000 Turkish Liras) from people who wanted to sell their organs. The gang found these sellers through postings on the Internet.

The traffickers would then take the organs and sell them to medical patients who needed the organs. These patients paid up to $20,000 (40,000 Liras), giving the traffickers a $10,000 profit.

(More black market organ prices.)

Source:  “Twenty-six alleged organ trafficking gang members detained in Turkey,” Hurriyet Daily News, October 9, 2013.

A report by the Home Office stated that the annual revenue that a human trafficker can earn by forcing a woman to work as a prostitute is $77,000 (£48,000).

Security officials in the UK estimate that the total  market of human trafficking in the UK is worth $200 Million (£130 Million). If the entire social and economic costs from human trafficking were included, then the cost to the UK would be $1.4 Billion (£840  Million).

The total costs of organized crime in the UK is $38.6 Billion.

(Prices of human trafficking victims when sold.)

Source:  Rosa Silverman, “Trafficking of women for sex in UK worth £130m,” Telegraph, October 7, 2013.

In October 2013, the administrator of the online black market Silk Road was arrested in the United States. Silk Road was a website that users were able to access using anonymizing browser  Tor. At the websites, customers would be able to purchase illegal drugs from vendors and have those drugs sent to their home address.

According to the affidavit by the FBI, the site cleared $1.2 Billion in sales in a two year period. The owner of the website is alleged to have made $80 Million in commissions.

There were 957,079 user accounts created on the website. Nearly 30 percent of the accounts were based in the United States, followed by accounts created in the United Kingdom.

Source:  Nick Allen, “First British Silk Road suspects arrested by new National Crime Agency,” Telegraph, October 8, 2013.

According to the International Labour Organization, there were 168 Million children working in forced labor conditions at the end of 2012.

Between 2008 to 2012, the number of children working worldwide dropped from 215 million to 168 million.

In Bangladesh, an estimated 7.4 million children between the ages of 5 to 17 were working.

(Additional child trafficking statistics.)

Source:  Harriet Grant, “Child labour falls by a third to 168 million, says ILO,” Guardian, September 23, 2013.

A story by business news program Marketplace reported that zero-day exploits are available for purchase on the Internet. A zero-day exploit is a computer code that is used to hack into computer systems.

Marketplace found that many exploits were available for free on internet forums, with the most expensive zero days available for purchase for $600.

Source:  Aarti Shahani, “Hacking and the value of a Zero Day,” Marketplace, October 7, 2013.