According to the intelligence chief of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, Peru produces the most cocaine in the world, passing Colombia.
In terms of pure cocaine production, Peru produced 325 metric tons of cocaine in 2010. During the same year, Colombia produced 270 metric tons.
Between 2006 and 2010, the United Nations report that the area devoted to cocaine cultivation in Peru increased 35 percent to 61,200 hectares. Although the area devoted to cocaine cultivation is larger in Colombia, due to eradication efforts by crop dusting plans the amount of cocaine produced is greater in Peru.
Around 55 percent of the cocaine produced in Peru takes place in the Ene and Apurimac Valley where leftist Shining Path rebels control territory.
Source: Associated Press, “Drug Meeting Spotlight on Peru’s Cocaine Problem,” ABC News, June 24, 2012.