Corruption and Bribery


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  1. Public Funds Lost to Corruption Worldwide: $1600 Billion ($1.6 Trillion)

News and statistics about the various forms of corruption around the world. Data about the types of corruption and its impact is collected from intelligence agencies, criminal justice programs and other public information sources.

Between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2005, there were 322 incidents of corruption found within the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, according to an internal study conducted by the police agency.

In the 322 incidents, a total of 224 RCMP members were involved in the cases.

Most of the cases involved Mounties improperly giving out confidential details obtained from police databanks to family, friends and even criminals. The second most violations involved fraud cases, where officers misused government credit cards and expense reports.

(More crime in Canada statistics.)

Other types of cases included misuse use of police officer status, theft, and interference with the judicial process, which included activities such as ticket fixing, perjury and falsifying evidence.

(See all corruption statistics here.)

Source:  Canadian Press, “Corruption ‘can fester’ in Mountie ranks unless addressed, RCMP study says,” CTV News, May 18, 2014.

According to criminal justice reports in Vietnam, there were 278 corruption trials held within the court system of Vietnam in 2013.

In addition to the court cases, government investigators discovered at least 80 new cases of fraud invovling the misuse of state funds.

In a recent case of corruption in the country, state security agents arrested four officisl from Vietnam Railways who were alledgely invovled ina  $758,000 (16 Billion Vietnamese Dong) bribery case.

(More corruption statistics here.)

Source:  “Vietnam Falling Short in Tackling Corruption, Says Party Chief,” Bloomberg Businessweek, May 6, 2014.

A baggage screener working for the Transportation Security Administration at Los Angeles Airport was sentenced to six years in federal prison for taking bribe money to let cocaine pass through the station.

According to court documents, the woman was paid at least $2,400 for each incident where she let a suitcase filled with cocaine to pass through the X-ray machine.

(More crime in the United States data.)

Source:  “Baggage screener at LAX gets nearly 6 years in prison for letting cocaine through,” Los Angeles Daily News, May 5, 2014.

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The international Labor Organization released a report that stated that corruption in Cambodia causes $1.7 Billion in annual losses to the Cambodian economy, or about 10 percent of Cambodia’s GDP.

According to business and firms who answered a survey, the companies spend an average of 9 percent of their sales to pay bribes to officials.

Source:  Khouran Theara, “Report Calculates Major Drain of Corruption,” Voice of America, March 12, 2014.

In the US State of Hawaii, a prison guard plead guilty in federal court for smuggling contraband items into prison.

The guard accepted $5,000 from a dealer to smuggle methamphetamine into the correctional facility, which was then distributed to a confidential informant.

(More earnings and income from illegal jobs.)

Source:  Associated Press, “Ex-Halawa guard pleads guilty in meth smuggling,” SeattlePI.com, March 19, 2014.

36 percent of organizations in Canada reported in a survey that they were victims of white collar crime between 2012-2013. The percentage of companies reporting white collar crime was slightly up from the 32 percent rate in 2011, but was down from the 50 percent range in the mid-2000s.

The survey, conducted by PwC, found that the global average of organizations falling victim to white collar crime was 37 percent.

The most reported type of white collar crime was assets theft, which accounted for 58 percent of the reported crimes. Procurement fraud accounted for 33 percent of crimes, accounting fraud 22 percent, and cybercrime 22 percent. Nearly half of the organizations stated that cybercrime and cyber attacks were increasing.

15 percent of companies in Canada reported that they have been asked to pay a bribe. 14 percent reported that they have lost business due to refusing to pay the bribe money.

(See bribe money prices from around the world.)

The global average of companies being asked to pay a bribe was 28 percent.

10 percent of the organizations in Canada reporting losing over $4.5 Million (5 Million Canadian) to white collar crimes during the year.

Source:  Barrie McKenna, “White-collar crime hits more than a third of Canadian organizations,” Globe and Mail, February 24, 2014.

The European Commission for Home Affairs released a study that found the European Union loses at least $162 Billion (€120 Billion) to corruption each year.

More than 75 percent of citizens in EU member states believe that corruption is widespread in their country. More than half also stated that they felt corruption was increasing in their country.

The top countries where citizens expected to pay bribe money to officials were in Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. In these countries, between 6 to 29 percent of people surveyed reported that they had either been asked for a bribe or was expected to pay a bribe within the last year. In many of the incidents, the bribes were prevalent in the healthcare industry. An example was previously reported in about the corruption in Romania’s healthcare industry.

The lowest rate of bribes were reported in the United Kingdom, where less than 1 percent reported that they either paid a bribe or were expected to.

In a survey of businesses, four out of 10 companies stated that corruption was an obstacle to doing business in the EU.

(Prices of bribe money paid around the world.)

Source:  “Corruption across EU ‘breathtaking’ – EU Commission,” BBC News, February 3, 2014.

In 2011, the Philippines Government lost an estimated $3.85 Billion in tax revenue due to illicit financial flows. When the total losses from illegal financial transactions is calculated from 1960 to 2012, over $400 Billion was lost to the Philippines Government, according to a report by Global Financial Integrity.

During the 52 year period, the country lost $132,9 Billion due to various crimes, corruption and tax evasion activities.

An additional $277.6 Billion illegally entered the Philippines. Most of the illicit funds entered the country though false invoicing of imports that allowed traders to avoid tariffs.

Since the year 2000, the government has lost an average of $1.46 Billion in tax revenue to illicit financial flows.

(What is money laundering?)

Source:  Associated Press, “Watchdog Shows Illicit Money Flows in Philippines,” ABC News, February 4, 2014.

A survey conducted by the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce found that companies that pay kickbacks and bribes to state officials pay in the range of 25 to 35 percent of the project value. The survey was based upon 2,400 respondents.

In 2013, the value of corruption in Thailand was estimated to cost $8.6 Billion (240 to 330 Billion Thai Baht), or roughly 10 percent of the 2.4 Trillion Thai Baht that was spent on teh country’s overall investment and procurement budget.

Based on the 35 percent kickback rate, Thailand’s GDP rate would be cut by 2.63 percent due to corruption.

Source:  “Corruption ‘still plagues Thailand’ ,” Bangkok Post, January 17, 2014.

In a single case investigated by Guatemalan security services, $46.7 Million of Sinaloa drug cartel money was seized and 21 people arrested in December for money laundering violations in Guatemala. A fruit and vegetable was serving as a front company that was sending money to Mexico along with payments of avocados.

Criminal justice programs in Guatemala are seeing an increase in suspicious financial transactions and are reporting more potential money laundering cases. In the first six months of 2013, a total of 76 potential laundering reports were filed that involved $58.2 Million in funds.

In all of 2012, a total of 131 suspicious transactions were filed totaling $31.9 Million. 30 percent of the reports for 2012 were involved possible corruption, 28 percent were extortion cases, drug trafficking accounted for 17 percent, and the remaining reports were from human trafficking, tax fraud, illegal adoptions and other scams and frauds.

Financial crimes investigators state that a single money laundering case can involve up to 50 bank accounts.

In additional to tracing money through bank accounts, security services have also seized cash from smugglers.  $11.4 Million in cash was seized from people smuggling the money, with most of the seizures taking place at the Guatemalan Airport.

Source:  Araceli Osorio, “Guatemala fights money laundering,” Infosurhoy, January 14, 2014.