1. Croatia $0.074 Billion ($74 Million)


  2. Black Market Crime in Croatia


Croatia Security Threats

Data and information about security threats form Croatia’s black market. Intelligence data and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public information sources.

The European Commission for Home Affairs released a study that found the European Union loses at least $162 Billion (€120 Billion) to corruption each year.

More than 75 percent of citizens in EU member states believe that corruption is widespread in their country. More than half also stated that they felt corruption was increasing in their country.

The top countries where citizens expected to pay bribes to officials were in Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. In these countries, between 6 to 29 percent of people surveyed reported that they had either been asked for a bribe or was expected to pay a bribe within the last year. In many of the incidents, the bribes were prevalent in the healthcare industry. An example was previously reported in about the corruption in Romania’s healthcare industry.

The lowest rate of bribes were reported in the United Kingdom, where less than 1 percent reported that they either paid a bribe or were expected to.

In a survey of businesses, four out of 10 companies stated that corruption was an obstacle to doing business in the EU.

(More on the effects of corruption.)

Source:  “Corruption across EU ‘breathtaking’ – EU Commission,” BBC News, February 3, 2014.

There are an estimated 597,458 unlawfully held guns in circulation in Croatia. In relations to the population, there are 13.29 illicit firearms per 100 people in Croatia.

(More arms trafficking statistics.)

Source:  “Croatia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law,” GunPolicy.org, Accessed: May 31, 2013.

Security officials in Croatia arrested a human smuggling ring that was bringing in migrants across its border on its way to the European Union. The migrants were paying around $1,293 (€1,000) to the human smuggling gangs in order to be smuggled into Croatia.

Over the span of 10 years, the number of people smuggling into Croatia has increased each year. In 2012, the number of migrants who have illegally entered Croatia was estimated to be around 6,000.

Croatia is set to join the European Union in July, 2013. In preparation for its entry, it has been increasing its border patrol security by tripling the number of border patrol agents to around 6,000.

Source:  Zoran Radosavljevic, “Bosnia and Croatia crack down on human smuggling into EU,” Reuters, May 15, 2013.

Around 120,000 women and children are trafficked in the Balkan countries of Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia each year, according to the International Organisation of Migration. The victims of human trafficking work in the prostitution industry, forced into arraigned marriages, work as slaves in houses and agriculture fields, while the children are forced to be beggars on the streets.

The Red Cross states that people who are already in at-risks populations are targets of human trafficking in the region. This includes refugees in camps, children without parents and people facing economic challenges.

(Victims of human traffickers and their prices.)

Source:  Ivana Jovanovic, “Balkan countries join effort in battle against human trafficking,” SETimes, November 15, 2012.

A report about corruption in Croatia stated that 18 percent of citizens in the country between the ages 18 to 64 have been exposed to a bribery experience with a public official on a yearly basis.

44 percent of all bribes that are requested by corrupt government officials is in the form of cash payments. The average bribe paid in Croatia is €280 Euros.

33 percent of the bribes are given in the form of food and drinks.

Source:  “Corruption in Croatia: Bribery As Experienced By The Population,” United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011.

Up to 50 percent of wine produced in Croatia is reported to be sold on the black market, leading to 30 million liters of wine being smuggled.

Source: “Some 50 per cent of Croatian wine sold on black market, daily claims,” Croatian Times, January 9, 2012.