Crime in Indonesia

A report released by Human Rights Watch (HRW) states that the Indonesian government has lost over $7 Billion in revenue from 2007 to 2011 due to illegal logging activities and corruption.

In 2011 alone, the estimated lost revenue was over $2 Billion, which HRW stated is more than the government’s entire budget for the health department.

In an example of corruption in Indonesia, one policeman made nearly $1 Million by helping protect illegal loggers and fuel smugglers in the region.

Source:  Berni Moestafa, “Forest Misuse Costs Indonesia $7 Billion in Revenue, Report Says,” Bloomberg, November 10, 2013.

According to the National Commission for Child Protection, there have been 21 girls between the ages of 14 to 16 who have been caught pimping out other girls in Indonesia in 2013.

One 17 year old girl told the Associated Press that she started pimping girls at the age of 14. At the peak of her operation, she had nearly 30 girls working for her as prostitutes. The girl was making up to $3,000 a month as a pimp. In one transaction, a client paid nearly $2,000, a BlackBerry and a motorcycle in order to have sex with a girl who was a virgin. The child pimp made $500 from that transaction.

In a separate case, a 15 year old girl who was employing 10 prostitutes was collecting 25 percent of the $50 to $150 per transaction that men were paying her workers. The girls who were working as prostitutes was the child pimps classmates and Facebook friends.

The International Labor Organization estimates that there are between 40,000 to 70,000 children who are sexually exploited in Indonesia each year.

Source:  Associated Press, “‘The money was too strong to resist’: Indonesian kids pimp out other kids for sex,” NBC News, October 30, 2013.

According to estimates by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, organized crime activity in Indonesia generates up to $1 Billion a year.

Most of the funds is generated through illegal drug trafficking. Illegal logging activities also contribute to their black market income.

Source:  Hotli Simanjuntak, “Indonesia must address transnational crimes: UNODC,” Jakarta Post, October 29, 2013.

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During the second quarter of 2013, cloud-computing firm Akamai reported that 38 percent of cyber attacks worldwide was traced back to IP addresses located in Indonesia. The number of attacks from Indonesia increased from 21 percent in the first three months of 2013.

China previously had the most cyber attacks sourced to its country, with 34 percent in the first quarter of 2013. In the second quarter, it registerd 33 percent of online attacks. The United States was third with 6.9 percent of attacks.

The company also saw a 54 percent increase in distributed denial-of-service (DDos) attacks during the three month period.

In total, Akamai observed cyber attacks originating from IP addresses located in 175 different countries during the second quarter of 2013.

Full Report (PDF):  Akamai, “The State of the Internet, 2nd Quarter, 2013 Report,” October 16, 2013.

Media Source:  Lily Kuo, “Indonesia just passed China as the world’s top apparent source of cyber attacks,” Quartz, October 16, 2013.

The World Wildlife Fund in Indonesia reported that smugglers are profiting from the price difference in sea turtle eggs in Indonesia and Malaysia.

In Indonesia, the price of a single turtle egg at local markets costs $0.13 (1,500 Indonesian Rupiah). In Malaysia, the price of a single turtle egg is $0.23 (2,600 Rupiah).

Turtle egg smuggling has been an issue facing nature protection officials in Indonesia. Around 2,000 green turtles nest at one beach in Indonesia each year. In 2009, wildlife activities reported that 2,146 turtle nests had eggs taken from them. After local police increased surveillance, the percent of looted nests decreased to 26 percent in 2011 and 22 percent in 2012.

In 2013, egg smuggling has increased in the villages of Sebubus and Temajuk, where the number of nests ransacked increased by 40 percent and 95 percent.

(Prices of the illegal wildlife trade.)

Source:  Severianus Endi, “Sea turtle egg smuggling on the rise,” Jakarta Post, October 6, 2013.

In an example of the amount of bribes that are paid out in Indonesia, the Chief Justice of the country’s constitutional court was arrested in 2-13 after accepting a bribe of more than $250,000. The bribe was paid out in regards to a disputed election case.

In another example, the head of the oil and gas regulator was arrested in Jakarta after receiving over $600,000 in bribe money.

And a former traffic police chief was arrested with $18 Million in assets despite his official salary of $1,000 a month.

(See more example of bribe money paid out to officials.)

Source:  AFP, “Top Indonesian judge arrested for alleged bribery,” Global Post, October 3, 2013.

Security officers with oil company Pertamina in Indonesia state that up to $22 Million (250 Billion Indonesian Rupiah) was lost to oil theft between January 1 to July 23, 2013.

In 2012, the company lost $52 Million to oil theft.

An international report on oil theft and smuggling reported that the Petamina pipeline in South Sumatra losses about 1,000 barrels per day to theft and bunkering.

Source:  “Indonesia Among Destinations for Stolen Nigerian Oil: Report,” Jakarta Globe, September 20, 2013.

Between 2000 and 2009, Malaysia imported 6,898 tonnes of shark fins, according to data released by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).

Between 2002 and 2011, fisherman  caught 231,212 tonnes of sharks in the waters surrounding Malaysia. The shark catch figures for the country represented 2.9 percent of global shark catches. During this time period, Indonesia and India were responsible for over 20 percent of the global shark catches worldwide.

(Prices of endangered animals for sale on the black market.)

Source:  Rashvinjeet S. Bedi, “Malaysia plays a big role in global trade of sharks, says wildlife network Traffic,” Star, August 16, 2013.

The author of a book about the Yakuza in Indonesia estimates that about $197 Million (2 Trillion Indonesian Rupiah) was laundered by Japanese organized crime groups out of Indonesia over the course of several year back from 2013.

Richard Susilo reports that the Yakuza has been active in Indonesia since the 1970s.

Source:  Tunggui Wirajuda, “Yakuza’s Place in Indonesia A Concern, Author Says,” Jakarta Globe, July 19, 2013.

According to the International Maritime Bureau, there were 48 pirate attacks in Indonesia in the first six months of 2013.

Nigeria had 22 pirate attacks, up from the 6 attacks in all of 2011.

Pirates reportedly attacked 4 ships off the coast of Somalia, compared to the 125 attacks in 2011.

In 2012, sea piracy activities off the coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea costs shipping companies up to $2 Billion.

Source:  Associated Press, “Piracy watchdog reports worrying surge in attacks, kidnapping, armed robbery in Gulf of Guinea,” Washington Post, July 15, 2013.