The author of a book about the Yakuza in Indonesia estimates that about $197 Million (2 Trillion Indonesian Rupiah) was laundered by Japanese organized crime groups out of Indonesia over the course of several year back from 2013.
Richard Susilo reports that the Yakuza has been active in Indonesia since the 1970s.
Source: Tunggui Wirajuda, “Yakuza’s Place in Indonesia A Concern, Author Says,” Jakarta Globe, July 19, 2013.
According to the International Maritime Bureau, there were 48 pirate attacks in Indonesia in the first six months of 2013.
Nigeria had 22 pirate attacks, up from the 6 attacks in all of 2011.
Pirates reportedly attacked 4 ships off the coast of Somalia, compared to the 125 attacks in 2011.
In 2012, sea piracy activities off the coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea costs shipping companies up to $2 Billion.
Source: Associated Press, “Piracy watchdog reports worrying surge in attacks, kidnapping, armed robbery in Gulf of Guinea,” Washington Post, July 15, 2013.
A government minster in Indonesia stated that up to 20 percent of all Indonesian migrant workers who work overseas fall victims to human traffickers.
A total of 9 million Indonesians work overseas, thus creating 1.8 Million victims of human trafficking. Of these 1.8 million victims, 70 percent were tricked by traffickers by posing as employment recruiters and sent to foreign countries.
Source: Made Arya Kencana, “Trafficking Still Threatens Many Workers,” Jakarta Globe, June 22, 2013.
Prison guards in Indonesia report that inmates in prison continue to run their drug trafficking operations while incarcerated with the help of corrupt prison guards. The inmates offer guards up to $500 (5 Million Indonesian Rupiah) to use their cell phones in order to make calls.
Inmates were also smuggling cell phones in the prison at such at high rate that prison officials installed signal jammers to prevent the phones from working. However, according to the report by the Jakarta Post, the jammer could only block GSM signals and not CDMA phones.
Source: Fikri Zaki Muhammadi, “Drug dealers getting rich behind bars,” Jakarta Post, June 14, 2013.
According to wildlife protection organizations, between 3,500 to 5,000 manta rays are killed each year for their gills.
A fisherman in Asia is able to make up to $40 for each Manta ray gill that he sells. The dried gills end up in China being sold for up to $2,000.
The estimated value of the illegal trade in Manta rays is between $5 Million to $10 Million a year. In areas where the Manta ray are living, the economic value of the species to the tourism industry is worth $100 Million.
In the waters off of Indonesia, the population of Manta rays has declined by 56 percent. In Sri Lanka, the population has declined by 86 percent.
Source: Damian Carrington, “Manta rays: how illegal trade eats its own lunch,” Guardian, Environment Blog, March 5, 2013.
An estimated 3.3 million people across the East Asia and Pacific region consume heroin on an annual basis. In China, an estimated 2,366,000 people used heroin in 2010, followed by Indonesia with 247,000 users, Vietnam with 155,000 heroin users, and Myanmar with 100,000 users.
In 2011, up to 65 tons of pure heroin was believed to have been consumed across the region.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that the heroin market in the region is worth $16.3 Billion.
Source: “Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific: A Threat Assessment,” UNODC, April 2013, Executive Summary, page vi.
The Indonesian Record Industry Association stated that at least 6 million people in Indonesia are illegally downloading music off of the Internet each day. The value of the music that is downloaded without payment is estimated to be $1.65 Million (16 Billion Indonesian Rupiah) per day.
In 2012, customers purchased 11 million CDs during the year, down from the average of 90 million CDs sold several years before.
(More music piracy statistics.)
Source: “Piracy may cost record firms $1.65m a day,” Jakarta Post, April 27, 2013.
A kilogram of cocaine that is produced in South America costs between $1,000 to $2,000. It is then smuggled across the Pacific Ocean to Bali, Indonesia, where it is sold to drug traffickers at a price between $20,000 to $90,000.
The cocaine is then sold to Australia for it is sold for $250,000.
(See more cocaine prices by country.)
Source: Kathryn Bonella, “The darker side of Bali: Drugs, mules and tourism,” CNN, February 25, 2013.
Around one-third of drug users in Indonesia, or 1.2 million people, are addicted to crystal meth. One-fifth of drug users, or 950,000 people, are addicted to ecstasy.
Around 60 percent of the crystal meth and ecstasy consumed in Indonesia is locally produced, and around 60 percent of its users are under the age of 30.
Many of the meth and ecstasy production factories are located in West Jakarta, with the operators of the factories having ethic Chinese ties.
Security officials in the country seized 1,161 kilograms of crystal meth in 2011, an increase of 79 percent from the 649 kilograms seized in 2010.
62 percent of all drug arrests in 2011 involved crystal meth, compared to 53 percent in 2010 and 38 percent in 2009.
77 percent of all women who were arrested for drug crimes in 2011 involved crystal meth.
Source: Straits Times, “Indonesia’s Drug Spread ‘Alarming’,” Jakarta Globe, February 22, 2013.
Source: ”Crystalline methamphetamine now Indonesia’s “primary illicit drugs threat”, UNODC says,” United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, February 20, 2013.