The World Wildlife Fund in Indonesia reported that smugglers are profiting from the price difference in sea turtle eggs in Indonesia and Malaysia.
In Indonesia, the price of a single turtle egg at local markets costs $0.13 (1,500 Indonesian Rupiah). In Malaysia, the price of a single turtle egg is $0.23 (2,600 Rupiah).
Turtle egg smuggling has been an issue facing nature protection officials in Indonesia. Around 2,000 green turtles nest at one beach in Indonesia each year. In 2009, wildlife activities reported that 2,146 turtle nests had eggs taken from them. After local police increased surveillance, the percent of looted nests decreased to 26 percent in 2011 and 22 percent in 2012.
In 2013, egg smuggling has increased in the villages of Sebubus and Temajuk, where the number of nests ransacked increased by 40 percent and 95 percent.
(Prices of the illegal wildlife trade.)
Source: Severianus Endi, “Sea turtle egg smuggling on the rise,” Jakarta Post, October 6, 2013.
In an example of the amount of bribes that are paid out in Indonesia, the Chief Justice of the country’s constitutional court was arrested in 2-13 after accepting a bribe of more than $250,000. The bribe was paid out in regards to a disputed election case.
In another example, the head of the oil and gas regulator was arrested in Jakarta after receiving over $600,000 in bribe money.
And a former traffic police chief was arrested with $18 Million in assets despite his official salary of $1,000 a month.
(See more example of bribe money paid out to officials.)
Source: AFP, “Top Indonesian judge arrested for alleged bribery,” Global Post, October 3, 2013.
Security officers with oil company Pertamina in Indonesia state that up to $22 Million (250 Billion Indonesian Rupiah) was lost to oil theft between January 1 to July 23, 2013.
In 2012, the company lost $52 Million to oil theft.
An international report on oil theft and smuggling reported that the Petamina pipeline in South Sumatra losses about 1,000 barrels per day to theft and bunkering.
Source: “Indonesia Among Destinations for Stolen Nigerian Oil: Report,” Jakarta Globe, September 20, 2013.
Between 2000 and 2009, Malaysia imported 6,898 tonnes of shark fins, according to data released by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
Between 2002 and 2011, fisherman caught 231,212 tonnes of sharks in the waters surrounding Malaysia. The shark catch figures for the country represented 2.9 percent of global shark catches. During this time period, Indonesia and India were responsible for over 20 percent of the global shark catches worldwide.
(Prices of endangered animals for sale on the black market.)
Source: Rashvinjeet S. Bedi, “Malaysia plays a big role in global trade of sharks, says wildlife network Traffic,” Star, August 16, 2013.
The author of a book about the Yakuza in Indonesia estimates that about $197 Million (2 Trillion Indonesian Rupiah) was laundered by Japanese organized crime groups out of Indonesia over the course of several year back from 2013.
Richard Susilo reports that the Yakuza has been active in Indonesia since the 1970s.
Source: Tunggui Wirajuda, “Yakuza’s Place in Indonesia A Concern, Author Says,” Jakarta Globe, July 19, 2013.
According to the International Maritime Bureau, there were 48 pirate attacks in Indonesia in the first six months of 2013.
Nigeria had 22 pirate attacks, up from the 6 attacks in all of 2011.
Pirates reportedly attacked 4 ships off the coast of Somalia, compared to the 125 attacks in 2011.
In 2012, sea piracy activities off the coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea costs shipping companies up to $2 Billion.
Source: Associated Press, “Piracy watchdog reports worrying surge in attacks, kidnapping, armed robbery in Gulf of Guinea,” Washington Post, July 15, 2013.
A government minster in Indonesia stated that up to 20 percent of all Indonesian migrant workers who work overseas fall victims to human traffickers.
A total of 9 million Indonesians work overseas, thus creating 1.8 Million victims of human trafficking. Of these 1.8 million victims, 70 percent were tricked by traffickers by posing as employment recruiters and sent to foreign countries.
Source: Made Arya Kencana, “Trafficking Still Threatens Many Workers,” Jakarta Globe, June 22, 2013.
Prison guards in Indonesia report that inmates in prison continue to run their drug trafficking operations while incarcerated with the help of corrupt prison guards. The inmates offer guards up to $500 (5 Million Indonesian Rupiah) to use their cell phones in order to make calls.
Inmates were also smuggling cell phones in the prison at such at high rate that prison officials installed signal jammers to prevent the phones from working. However, according to the report by the Jakarta Post, the jammer could only block GSM signals and not CDMA phones.
(See more black market prices.)
Source: Fikri Zaki Muhammadi, “Drug dealers getting rich behind bars,” Jakarta Post, June 14, 2013.
According to wildlife protection organizations, between 3,500 to 5,000 manta rays are killed each year for their gills.
A fisherman in Asia is able to make up to $40 for each Manta ray gill that he sells. The dried gills end up in China being sold for up to $2,000.
The estimated value of the illegal trade in Manta rays is between $5 Million to $10 Million a year. In areas where the Manta ray are living, the economic value of the species to the tourism industry is worth $100 Million.
In the waters off of Indonesia, the population of Manta rays has declined by 56 percent. In Sri Lanka, the population has declined by 86 percent.
Source: Damian Carrington, “Manta rays: how illegal trade eats its own lunch,” Guardian, Environment Blog, March 5, 2013.