According to news reports, the price of a kidney sold on the black market in India is around $1,000 (55,000 Indian Rupees). In India, the prison term for illegally selling a kidney is five years in prison.
In Romania and Moldova, the price to purchase a black market kidney is $2,700. In Turkey, the price of the kidney goes up to $10,000.
See more kidney and organ prices on the black market.
Source: Peter Hummel, “Kidneys on special offer,” Deutsche Welle, July 31, 2012.
70 percent of women between the ages of 15 to 25 in Moldova reportedly have had sex at least once in their lifetime for money, according to a opinion survey in 2012.
Moldova is considered to be the main source of women to fill the supply of prostitutes in Europe.
Source: “Moldova Moves to Punish Prostitution Clients,” RIA Novosti, June 9, 2012.
Custom officials in Ukraine seized over 120 million cigarettes that were being smuggled into the country in 2011. Officials report that 90 percent of the smuggled cigarettes seized was produced in Moldova.
Between 15 to 20 percent of all tobacco smoked in Ukraine were purchased illegally on the black market, causing a tax loss of $2 Billion per year.
Source: “Ukraine customs see growth in tobacco products smuggling<,” Focus News, April 26, 2012.
The rate of cigarette smuggling in Romania decreased to 11.8 percent in September 2011, down from the 15.7 percent reported in the early summer of 2011. Tobacco smuggling is still down from the previous high of 30 percent in 2010.
According to criminal justice officials, the cigarettes that are smuggled into Romania originate from neighboring countries such as Moldova, Serbia and Ukraine.
Source: Otilia Haraga, “Tobacco excise tax collection totals EUR 1.27bln after Q3. Cigarette smuggling declines,” Business Review, October 11, 2011.
The number of official human trafficking investigations in Moldova conducted by the government was 140 in 2010, down from the 245 in 2007. Non-governmental organizations and the United States Department of State claim that the figure is extremely low.
There were 47 convicted sex traffickers in Moldova in 2010, with 16 receiving suspended sentences or fines and did not serve any time in jail.
Source: Grigore Brinza, “The Changing Face of Trafficking in Moldova,” Transitions Online, October 6, 2011.
A nuclear smuggling gang in Moldova offered an undercover group of police officers 9 kilograms of highly enriched uranium for $31 Million. Around 27 kilograms of highly enriched uranium is needed to make a “dirty bomb”.
Source: Nick Amies, “US concerns over nuclear smuggling between Europe, North Africa,” Deutsche Welle, October 5, 2011.
1 percent of women between the ages of 18 to 40 in Moldova left the country between 1998 and 2008 to work in the prostitution industry in Italy.
Source: E. Benjamin Skinner, A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern Slavery, (New York: Free Press, 2008), page 164.
An estimated 400,000 women from Moldova fell victim to human trafficking between 1991 and 2008.
Source: E. Benjamin Skinner, A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern Slavery, (New York: Free Press, 2008), page 156.
Eight out of ten human trafficking cases involving women from Moldova involved false jobs promises.
Source: Siddarth Kara, Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery, (New York: Colombia University Press, 2009), page 108-109.