According to security services in Colombia, between 10 to 15 percent of the fuel used by drivers in Colombia was smuggled into the country.
Roughly one million gallons of gasoline is smuggled into the country each day, with 70 to 80 percent of the fuel coming from Venezuela. The remaining gas is smuggled into Colombia from Ecuador.
In Venezuela, a gallon of gasoline costs about 1 cent when using the black market exchange rate.
Source: Matthew Bristow and Andrew Willis, “Cocaine for Venezuela Fuel Tankers Irks Colombia Tax Boss,” Bloomberg, December 2, 2013.
Criminal fuel smuggling costs the government of Honduras $230 Million, or 10 percent of its annual fuel imports. Economic and finance officials state that smugglers purchase fuel in Venezuela where it is heavily subsided by the government. The smugglers then transport the fuel illegally into Honduras.
Source: Charles Parkinson, “Fuel Trafficking Costs Honduras $230 Mn per Year,” Insight Crime, September 27, 2013.
An estimated 100,000 barrels of oil is being stolen each day from refineries in Nigeria.
The total value of the losses from oil theft in Nigeria is valued at $8 Billion a year. 90 percent of the stolen oil is smuggled onto vessels and shipped to foreign countries.
Previously, the reported amount of losses to oil smuggling in Nigeria was $6 Billion.
Nigeria exports 2 million barrels of oil each day and is the world’s 13th largest producer.
Source: Roberto A. Ferdman, “How to steal 100,000 barrels of oil a day, and get away with it,” Quartz, September 21. 2013.
Security officers with oil company Pertamina in Indonesia state that up to $22 Million (250 Billion Indonesian Rupiah) was lost to oil theft between January 1 to July 23, 2013.
In 2012, the company lost $52 Million to oil theft.
An international report on oil theft and smuggling reported that the Petamina pipeline in South Sumatra losses about 1,000 barrels per day to theft and bunkering.
Source: “Indonesia Among Destinations for Stolen Nigerian Oil: Report,” Jakarta Globe, September 20, 2013.
Due to oil theft activities, around 30,000 jobs have been lost in Nigeria between 2011 to 2013, according to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN).
The Finance Minister in Nigeria stated that up to 400,000 barrels of oil was being stolen per day in 2012.
Source: Akinola Ajbande, “30,000 lose jobs to oil theft,” The Nation, August 5, 2013.
According to the Ministry of Energy and Mines, around 1.5 billion liters of fuel is smuggled out of Algeria each year.
The amount of fuel that is smuggled is worth $15 Million per year.
The fuel is smuggled to the border of Morocco, where the region consumes more fuel each year than the capital of Algeria.
Algeria has the third cheapest fuel price in the world behind Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
Source: “1.5 bn litres of fuel smuggled each year in Algeria,” India, New York Daily News, July 24, 2013.
In the first half of 2013, environmental officials in Ireland recovered 400 tons of waste that was illegally dumped by organized crime groups in Ireland. The waste was used to create white fuel that was used by drivers, and included ingredients such as sulfuric acid, cat litter, charcoal, and sand.
In 2012, officials seized 445 tons throughout the entire year.
Across the country, police discovered 11 illegal oil and fuel producing plants in 2012. The fuel smuggling operations was estimated to have cost the government up to $130 Mill lion (€100 Million) in tax revenue.
Source: Stephen Breen, “Smuggling gangs take us for fuels,” Irish Sun, July 15, 2013.
In the first six months of 2013, government officials reported investigating 85 cases of diesel smuggling. The value of the diesel seized by officials was worth $101,000 (323,000 Malaysian Ringgit.)
In 2012, there were a total of 168 cases of diesel smuggling worth $470,000 (1.5 Million Ringgit.)
Diesel smuggling in Malaysia occurs due to the price differences between subsidized fuel available at petrol stations versus the price of diesel for industrial companies. At a petrol station, diesel is available for 1.80 Ringgits per liter, while companies pay 2.49 Ringgit per liter.
Source: Sarah Rahim, “Diesel smuggling still on the rise,” New Straits Times, July 5, 2013.
According to the African Union, countries in Africa has lost up to $200 Billion to illegal fishing activities over 5 decades, and up to $100 Billion to oil theft between 2003 to 2013.
The losses are due to increased pirate attacks in the region. The Nigerian Navy reported in 2013 that up to 10 to 15 pirate attacks are taking place each month in the Gulf of Guinea.
Source: Augustine Ehikioya, “Nigeria, others lose $300bn to oil theft, illegal fishing,” Nation, June 24, 2013.
According to the Kyiv Motorist Club, one out of every three liters of fuel sold in Ukraine is substandard or counterfeit.
The motor club conducted tests at major gas stations and found that 30 percent of the gas did not meet Ukraine or Euro standards.
According to energy experts, the number of filling stations that are checked by Ukrainian officials between 2008 and 2013 fell by a rate of 2.8 times.
Source: “Every third liter of petrol at Ukrainian filling stations is counterfeit, says study,” Interfax-Ukraine, June 5, 2013.