Counterfeit Goods

Information and statistics about counterfeiting and the sale of counterfeit goods. Estimated losses from counterfeits, markets where fake goods are sold, and other piracy statistics are collected from criminal justice programs and public information sources.

The price to buy a fake bachelor’s and master’s degrees on the Internet is reported to be $1,555 (15,000 Pesos) in Mexico.

According to the report, the price includes a fake diploma, academic resume and professional certificate.

Source:  EFE, “Mexican university president found to have fake degree,” Fox News Latino, September 8, 2012.

The Entertainment Software Association of Canada stated that the computer game industry in the United States and Canada loses up to $3.5 Billion a year to pirated video games. The losses to piracy is equal to about one-fifth of the total value of the video game market.

Worldwide, the hand-held video game market loses $8.1 Billion a year to piracy.

Source:  Joseph de Weck and Marie Mawad, “Free Online Games Sink Pirates to Unlock Emerging-Market Growth,” Bloomberg BusinessWeek, August 27, 2012.

In the 2011-2012 Fiscal Year, the Reserve Bank of India detected 521,155 counterfeit banknotes in India. The number of detects was 20 percent higher than the 436,607 counterfeit notes detected in the 2010-2011 Fiscal Year.

93 percent of the counterfeits were detected in bank branches.

(Additional counterfeit money detection rates and information.)

Source:  Sachin Kumar, “20% rise in fake notes in a year, says RBI,” Hindustan Times, August 26, 2012.

The Uganda National Bureau of Standards states that customers  have an 80 percent chance of purchasing a counterfeit item when shopping in retail stores across the country.

Source:  John Masaba, “Uganda National Bureau of Standards,” All Africa, August 26, 2012.

The illegal trade in pirated DVDs in Ahmedabad, India is estimated to be worth $18 Million (1 Billion Indian Rupees). There are over 200 street vendors and 100 shops that sell pirated movies on DVDs in the city.The stores sell pirated movies of Bollywood films, Hollywood movies, television shows and porn.

A  seller told the media that he sells around 100 DVDs a day and makes between $0.36 to $0.54 (20 to 30 Rupees) for each pirated copy he sells. Out of that total, he pays the police $0.18 (10 Rupees) as a bribe.

 (Examples of police and political corruption.)

Source:  Parth Shastri, “Pirated DVD market is more than Rs 100 crore in size annually,” Times of India, August24, 2012.

According to a United States Secret Service Representative, Peru produces 17 percent of all counterfeit dollars in circulation in the US.

Peru produces the most counterfeit dollars in the world.

In the first 8 months of 2012, police in Peru seized $17 Million in counterfeit dollars.

Source:  Tracey Knott, “‘Peru the World’s Main Producer of Counterfeit Dollars’,” InSight, August 21, 2012.

According to company executives in India, incorporating anti-counterfeiting technology and safeguards into the production of drugs creates an additional 8 to 10 percent increase in the final cost of the medicine.

In India, up to 20 percent of all drugs sold are believed to be counterfeit.

Source:  Judy Stone, “Counterfeit Drugs: a Deadly Problem,” Scientific American, Molecules to Medicine Blog, August 20, 2012.

The Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines stated that the software piracy rate in the Philippines was 70 percent in 2011. Between 2008 to 2010, the rate of software piracy in the country was 69 percent.

(Click to see all software losses by country)

Source:  Matikas Santos, “Government intensifies campaign against software piracy,” Inquirer, August17, 2012.

In a 2011 study of app piracy in China, a report found that 17 percent of apps available in Chinese app stores were either pirated copies or packaged by someone other than the original developer.

In addition, 85 percent of the apps available in a store for jail-broken phones in China were pirated copies.

Source:  Roger Yu, “App piracy in China hurts developers’ bottom lines,” USA Today, August 14, 2012.

48 percent of the population of Uganda has mobile phones. Of those that have mobile phones, up to 30 percent of those phones are counterfeit.

The counterfeit phones in Uganda causes an estimated $6 Million  (15 Billion Uganda Shilling) loss of tax revenue each year.

Source: Aloysious Kasoma, “Uganda: Fake Mobile Phones Glut Local Market,” All Africa, August 11, 2012.