Environmental Threats

Statistics and information about criminal threats to the environment. Illegal logging, illegal fishing, smuggling and other environmental destruction committed by organized crime is collected from wildlife charities and public information sources.

Illegal logging in Pakistan creates annual losses of $782 Million (65 Billion Pakistani Rupees).

Source:  Animesh Roul, “Gems, Timber and Jiziya: Pakistan’s Taliban Harness Resources to Fund Jihad,” Jamestown Foundation, April 30, 2009.

The illegal wildlife trade in Mongolia generates $100 Million a year.

Source: “The List of Endangered Species: Always lengthening,” WWF, accessed: October 14, 2009.

Wildlife trafficking kills 100,000 pangolins each year in order to meet the demand for it in China.

Pangolins are believed to help blood circulation problems and skin conditions.

Source:  Rhett Butler, “Laos Emerges as Key Source in Asia’s Illicit Wildlife Trade,” Yale Environment 360, February 26, 2009.

Oil smuggling in Pakistan leads to annual losses of $66 Million (5 to 6 Billion Pakistani Rupees).

Source:  “Govt losses Rs5-6 billion annually as sale of Iranian petrol in Pakistan soars,” Pak Tribune, December 11, 2006.

Illegal fishing in Kenya leads to losses of $5 Million a year.

(See all information about fishing and trafficking here.)

Source:  Noel Mwakugu, “Pirate fishing boats target Africa,” BBC News, July 3, 2008.


Illegal logging in Peru lead to an estimated $44.5 Million in losses in 2005.

Source: “Peru losses $44.5 million to illegal logging,” illegal-logging.info, February 1, 2006.

Illegal logging in Cambodia creates a black market worth $13 Million a year.

Source:  “Cambodia,” illegal-logging.info, accessed: October 10, 2009.

Wildlife trafficking leads to 38 million animals to be taken from the Amazon Rainforest each year.

Source: Alan Campana, “Animal Investigators: Solving Wildlife Crimes and Saving Endangered Species,” Wilson Center, May 20, 2009.

Illegal fishing in Liberia creates losses of $12 Million for the country.

(More losses from illegal fishing worldwide.)

Source:  Charles Gbollie, “Liberia loses millions to illegal fishing…foreign vessels accused,” STAR Radio Liberia, October 8, 2009.

Illegal logging in Vietnam has cut down the numbers of rare Red Pine trees in the country from over 300 in 2004 to less than 100 trees in 2009.

The trees are illegally logged due to their medicinal benefits.

Source:  H. Huong, “Illegal logging drives rare pine to edge of extinction,” SGGP, October 8, 2009.