Environmental Threats

Statistics and information about criminal threats to the environment. Illegal logging, illegal fishing, smuggling and other environmental destruction committed by organized crime is collected from wildlife charities and public information sources.

Wildlife traffickers and smugglers kill an estimated 19,000 elephants each year for its ivory.


Due to wildlife trafficking and poaching, in 2007 there were only 50 to 150 wild tigers in Vietnam.


Between 2003 and 2005, 60 percent of the world’s Rhino population were killed in Kenya and Somalia by wildlife traffickers.


According to a report by the AFP, wildlife traffickers are able to profit selling exotic animals on the black market.

A smuggler in Taiwan offers a dead bear for sale at prices of $4,500 per bear.

Meanwhile, tigers that have been poached in India has caused the Royal Bengal tiger population to decline by 50 percent between 2002 and 2007. Poachers offer tiger skin for sale on the black market for up to $16,000.

Across the Arab regions, a popular item for men is to have a rhino horn dagger. These daggers are created out of rhino horns that were cut off of the rhino. The daggers are offered for sale on the black market for $14,000.

The entire wildlife trafficking industry is estimated to generate up to $1 Billion in illicit revenue in Indonesia.

(More prices of exotic animals for sale.)


Wildlife smugglers in China operated bear bile farms where at least 12,000 bears are kept in order to harvest their bile. Bear bile is used for medicinal purposes in China.



70 to 80 wild elephants in Assam , India are smuggled out of the state each year. There are a total of 5,000 wild elephants in the state.


Illegal fishing of abalone in South Africa catches approximately 1,500 tons worth $70 to $140 Million.

(Additional stats about illegal catches worldwide.)


Illegal fishing off the coast of Japan lead to more bluefin tuna being caught then reported. Japan officially under-reported $6 Billion worth of bluefin tuna over the course of 20 years.

(See all information about illegal bluefin tuna fishing.)


Illegal fishing in the Barents Sea (Atlantic Ocean) lead to over 100,000 tons of cod being illegally caught. The cod was valued at $350 Million (225 Million Euros).


Gas smuggling activities bring in 100,000 liters of gas into Thailand every day from Malaysia.