Environmental Threats

Statistics and information about criminal threats to the environment. Illegal logging, illegal fishing, smuggling and other environmental destruction committed by organized crime is collected from wildlife charities and public information sources.

Illegal fishing has led to catches in the Caspian Sea to drop by 90 percent from historic highs.



In the United States, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration opened 750 investigations into illegal fishing activities during the 2006 fiscal year in the Northeast region alone, an increase of 108 percent from 5 years ago.


The Independent reported that ” EU countries imported 591 tonnes of caviar in 2006, but seizures of illegal caviar between 2000 and 2005 totaled just 12 tonnes.”


According to a report in The Guardian, a smuggling organization in Iraq is estimated to make about $5 million a week from smuggling oil.


40 to 50 percent of the profits from gas smuggling is believed to end up in the hands of insurgents.



In 2007, up to 100,000 barrels of oil was sold everyday by oil smugglers in Nigeria.

(Value of the world black market.)


$4 billion worth of gas was smuggled out of Iraq in 2005.


Diamond smuggling in the Ivory Coast leads to $23 Million worth of diamonds to leave the country each year.

$23 million of diamonds smuggled out of Ivory Coast each year.

(Additional illicit products sold around the world.)


Officials from Botswana, the world’s biggest producer of high-quality minerals, reported to participants of the Kimberley Process that 99.8 percent of the world’s diamonds are being certified as legitimate.

(Environmental Crimes around the world.)