According to a report by the Congressional Executive Commission on China, up to $202 Billion in illicit funds is laundered through the casinos of Macau, a territory controlled by China. Up to 30 percent of all bets placed in Macau was estimated to have been illegally brought in to the country to be washed.

China places limits on the amount of money its citizens can carry in cash to Macau. On each trip,  a Chinese citizen can carry about $3,000 (20,000 Yuan), and up to $50,000 a year. In 2013, 17 million residents from mainland China visited Macau.

The average bet placed at a casino in Macau was at least $100.

(Additional money laundering examples.)

Source:  Jonathan Kaiman, “Macau is betting on a new kind of Chinese tourism,” Guardian, January 4, 2014.

 (More on laundering cash through betting machines.)

The BBC reported on the male prostitution industry in London. When interviewing roughly 50 male escorts, 38 said that would not have unprotected sex with a client, while the remaining 12 stated that they would. The men who stated that they would provide sex without a condom stated that the price charged is generally between $164 to $410 (£100 to £250) on top of the normal service rate.

Another male prostitute interviewed by the BBC stated that he generally charges $229 (£140) per hour.

The most that one prostitute reported earning in a month was as high as $49,000 (£30,000), according to statements he made to the media.

(More earnings from under the table jobs.)

Source:  Mobeen Azhar, “The escorts who want to rebrand male prostitution as a business,” BBC News, January 4, 2014.

Additional prostitution stats and prices available in our ebook:

Customs and Excise officials seized over 38 million cigarettes that were being smuggled into Hong Kong. The number of contraband cigarettes seized was 11 million higher than the number of cigarettes that were seized in 2012, an increase of 41 percent.

(All contraband cigarettes statistics.)

Despite the seizures, security officials estimate that up to 1.8 billion cigarettes are smoked in Hong Kong each year that was purchased on the black market, or one in three cigarettes smoked.

The cost or a single pack of tobacco bought at a retail store in Hong Kong is $6.45 (5 Hong Kong Dollars). When buying packs off the black market, a customer can buy 10 packs for $38 (300 Hong Kong Dollars), or $3.80 per pack.

(China security threats and economic risks.)

Source:  Jennifer Ngo, “Illegal cigarette trade booming despite customs busts,” South China Morning Post, January 4, 2014.

The cost of corruption in Saudi Arabia is estimated to cost the Kingdom up to $14.6 Billion (55 Billion Saudi Riyal) a year. In an example of the type of graft occurring in Saudi Arabia, one employee of the Education Department reportedly embezzled nearly $40 Million (150 Million Riyal) in government funds.

Across the entire Arab region, the effects of corruption is estimated to cost states $350 Billion.

Source:  “Corruption costs state SR55 billion a year,” Saudi Gazette, January 2, 2014.

According to media reports, doctors and other medical professionals looking to work in Romanian hospitals must pay a bribe in order to gain employment. The price of the bribe paid is determined on an unofficial sliding scale depending on the location of the hospital.

One pediatrician reported that to receive employment at a hospital in a town with 9,000 residents would cost $20,000 (€15,000). The same position in a city with a population of 105,000 would cost $27,000 (€20,000), and in a city with 250,000 residents the bribe would be $40,000 (€30,000).

(More prices of bribes around the world.)

The bribe money is split between the hospital administrators and senior doctors.

A survey of 1,000 people in Romania found that over 60 percent of respondents offered bribes to medical professionals. Many patients freely pay bribes to their doctors hoping to secure the best possible treatment. Some patients have reportedly become distressed when  a doctor refuses the bribe, thinking that their condition must be incurable.

A resident doctor working at a public hospital earns about $271 (€200) a month. A specialist at the hospital earns about $680 (€500) a month.

(Additional types of corruption worldwide.)

Source:  Elena Stancu, “Mass exodus: Why corruption in Romania’s healthcare system is forcing its doctors to work abroad,” Independent, January 2, 2014.

Criminal justice officials in India estimate that alcohol smuggling for the purpose of avoiding duties costs the Delhi government up to $40 Million (250 Crore) per year.

There is a 60 percent tax on liquor in Delhi. Smugglers purchase bottles of alcohol in the state of Haryana for $35 (2,200 Rupees), where it is sold for $56 (3,500 Rupees) in Delhi.

Between April and December 2013, security officials seized 140,000 bottles of smuggled alcohol during the course of 520 enforcement raids.

Source:  Kumar Vikram, “Murdered by the liquor mafia: How thriving Delhi bootleggers pose a lethal risk to the excise department,” Mail Online India, January 1, 2014.

In 2001, court records state that there were 1,382 charges for prostitution offenses in the Canadian city of Toronto. By 2006, the number of charges dropped 21 percent to 1,088.

By the year 2011, the number of charges for prostitution-related crimes decreased by 90 percent, when 110 charges were brought to court.

(Prices of prostitutes around the world.)

Source:  Jessica McDiarmid, “Prostitution-related charges in Toronto drop 90 per cent,” Toronto Star, January 2, 2014.

Security service officials state that Paraguay is the largest producer of marijuana in South America. Most of the cannabis that is produced in the country is exported to Brazil.

In 2013, the criminal justice system seized 461 tonnes of marijuana in Paraguay. The amount seized was significantly higher than the 176 tonnes of marijuana seized in 2012.

Cocaine seizures in Paraguay remained stable, as 3.3 tonnes were seized in 2013, compared to 3.1 tonnes in 2012.

(More marijuana statistics.)

Source:  “Paraguay drug seizures up by 39% in 2013,” BBC News, January 1, 2013.

From 1990 to 2012, over 10 million tons of waste is believed to have been collected by Mafia groups in Italy and burned at illegal trash sites, according to environmental group Legambiente.

Criminal justice programs in  Italy reported 82 investigations of the mafia and the arrest of over 900 members. 443 waste collection companies have were also investigated during this time.

In certain areas surrounding Naples where many illegal dumping sites are located, the cancer rates of its residents has increased by as much as 50 percent. 

(What is racketeering? Learn more about organized crime rackets.)

In addition to the health risks, industries in Italy are losing market share as customers become concerned about leakage from the trash dumping. The Mozzarella industry saw a drop of 30 percent in sales for November 2013 as a result from trash concerns, representing a loss of $27.5 Million.

In 2012, the Italian Mafia is estimated to have made $1.2 Billion from illegal waste dumping.

To legitimately dispose of trash costs about $826 per ton.

Source:  Silvia Marchetti, “The New Vesuvius Smothers Italy’s Prime Products,” Newsweek, January 1, 2014.

According to a survey conducted by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in Indonesia, the Forest Ministry is viewed as being the most corrupt institution in the country.  The Commission found that illegal loggers buying logging permits through bribes were the most common form of corruption in the ministry.

Government data shows that 16 percent of logging permits that were issued by the ministry followed regulation and met all environmental requirements prior to being issued.

In addition to the forest ministry employees, workers from various criminal justice programs in Indonesia has also been found to have been participating in illegal logging. In May 2013, a police officer was arrested for running a $150 Million logging ring in the eastern Papua region. (Additional cases of police corruption.)

As many as two million hectares of Indonesian forest is cut down and lost each year. The amount of forest lost is equivalent to 10,000 football fields per day.

Source:  “Indonesia struggles to clean up corrupt forestry sector,” Bangkok Post, January 1, 2014.