Between 1999 and 2006, at least 16 children from Longhui County in Southern China were illegally abducted by state officials. The children are believed to have been sold to adoption agencies.
Local residents were quoted by the New York Times as saying that local government officials would use babies as a source of revenue by charging $1,000 in fines for violations of the one-child policy or other governmental regulations. When parents were unable to pay the fine, which was more than 5 times the average yearly salary of a local family, the officials would take the child and sell it to an international adoption agency.
Foreign parents who adopted a Chinese child are required to donate $5,400 to the orphanage.
Source: Sharon LaFraniere, “Chinese Officials Seized and Sold Babies, Parents Say,” New York Times, August 4, 2011.