In the first half of 2013, environmental officials in Ireland recovered 400 tons of waste that was illegally dumped by organized crime groups in Ireland. The waste was used to create white fuel that was used by drivers, and included ingredients such as sulfuric acid, cat litter, charcoal, and sand.
In 2012, officials seized 445 tons throughout the entire year.
Law enforcement agencies across the country discovered 11 illegal oil and fuel producing plants in 2012. The fuel smuggling operations was estimated to have cost the government up to $130 Mill lion (€100 Million) in tax revenue.
Source: Stephen Breen, “Smuggling gangs take us for fuels,” Irish Sun, July 15, 2013.