Child Trafficking

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 27 percent of human trafficking incidents reported by 132 countries between 2007 to 2010 were child trafficking cases. Girls were the trafficking victims in two-thirds of the child trafficking cases.

Over half of the children were forced to work in prostitution. 36 percent were forced into various labor jobs, such as beggars and maids.

The majority of the children were found in Africa, the Middle East, South Asia and the Pacific.

Source:  Marcel Fürstenau, “Child trafficking on the rise, UN says,” Deutsche Welle, January 11, 2013.

A study by the Women’s Foundation of Minnesota reported in 2010 that up to 200 girls were being offered for sexual services on the Internet and through escort services across the state. The study also stated that girls are also being sold in private homes and on the streets.

The Minnesota Indian Women Sexual Assault Coalition also interviews over 100 Native American women who were victims of human trafficking. 98 percent of the women were homeless at the time they became victims of the traffickers.

The average age when a girl is first sold for sex in the United States is between 12 to 14.

(Prices paid by human traffickers for their victims.)

Source:  Dan Kraker, “In Duluth, a campaign to reduce sex trafficking of young girls,” Minnesota Public Radio, January 9, 2013.

Police in China stated that the head of the village family planning committee in a county in Fujian province was arrested for participating in a baby trafficking ring. The women helped sell 4 babies, included a baby boy who was sold for $8,450 (£5,200). The human traffickers sold the baby boy to  a woman who said that she wanted a second child because her first son was in poor health.

In July 2012, police across China arrested 802 human traffickers and rescued 181 children during a nation-wide campaign that involved 10,000 officers.

(See more prices of people sold by human traffickers here.)

Source:  Malcolm Moore, “Chinese family planning official caught trafficking in children,” Telegraph, January 4, 2013.

According to the founder of a charity that works in India’s red light districts, the average age of female prostitutes in India were between 9 and 13 in 2012.

Source:  Belinda Goldsmith, “Younger girls forced into prostitution in economic crisis: conference,” Reuters, December 5, 2012.

Law enforcement agencies in India rescued 126,331 child trafficking victims in 2011-2012 from domestic work situations across the country. The number of children rescued was 27 percent higher than the previous year.

In terms of all human trafficking cases, the National Crime Records Bureau recorded 3,517 incidents of human trafficking within India in 2011. In the previous year, 3,422 incidents were recorded.

There are an estimated 90 million domestic workers across the country. In Delhi alone, there are 2,300 placement agencies that provide domestic workers to households. Only one-sixth of those agencies are legitimate employers, leading officials to conclude that many domestic workers fall victim to human trafficking.

(More human trafficking statistics.)

Source:  Nita Bhalla, “Trafficked maids to order: The darker side of richer India,” Reuters, December 3, 2012.

In 2010, there were 174 juveniles who were arrested for prostitution charges in Los Angeles County in the US State of California. Of the 174 who were arrested, 59 percent were involved in the state’s foster care system, according to statistics from California’s Department of Probation.

Government officials also stated that some pimps use underage sex workers to recruit other minors to work as prostitutes by targeting their fellow group home residents.

Source:  Abby Sewell, “Most L.A. County youths held for prostitution come from foster care,” Los Angeles Times, November 27, 2012.

Around 120,000 women and children are trafficked in the Balkan countries of Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia each year, according to the International Organisation of Migration. The victims of human trafficking work in the prostitution industry, forced into arraigned marriages, work as slaves in houses and agriculture fields, while the children are forced to be beggars on the streets.

The Red Cross states that people who are already in at-risks populations are targets of human trafficking in the region. This includes refugees in camps, children without parents and people facing economic challenges.

(Victims of human traffickers and their prices.)

Source:  Ivana Jovanovic, “Balkan countries join effort in battle against human trafficking,” SETimes, November 15, 2012.

The Nigerian Ambassador to Mali stated in November 2012 that between 20 to 30 girls from Nigeria are being trafficked to Mali everyday. The Ambassador stated that some of the victims of human trafficking from Nigeria were between the ages of 10 to 15.

Between August 2012 and November 2012, the Nigerian embassy assisted at least 30 girls who were victims of human trafficking return to Nigeria.

(See prices of human trafficking victims.)

Source:  “Trafficking Of Nigerians Worries Ambassador,” PM News, November 12, 2012.

Between 1994 and 2012, the Metro Police in Las Vegas, Nevada has investigated 2,200 children who were victims of sex trafficking. Half of the victims encountered by police were from Nevada. The youngest victim encountered by police was a pregnant 13 year old girl.

In 2011, the police investigated 131 cases of juvenile prostitution, with 74 percent of the girls being from Nevada.

Source:  Jackie Valley, “Sex trafficking of children: Las Vegas’ deep, dark secret,” Las Vegas Sun, November 1, 2012.

In 2011, the National Task Force Against Human Trafficking in Indonesia officially recorded 435 children who were trafficked in the country.

Non-governmental organizations estimate that between 40,000 to 70,000 children in Indonesia are involved in pornography, prostitution or trafficking within the country.

In 2012, of the 129 children officially reported missing in the country, 27 are believed to have been kidnapped after meeting their abductors on Facebook.

(Human traffickers and the profits they make.)

Source:  Associated Press, “Facebook used to kidnap, traffic Indonesian girls,” Yahoo Finance, October 29, 2012.