China Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from China’s black market. Intelligence and security data collected from government agencies, news articles and other public information sources.

A tiger penis sells for $1,300 (40,000 Thai Baht) on the black market in Thailand. The penis is the most popular part of the tiger and is eventually sold in China.

When traffickers provide tigers for sale on the black market, a dead tiger can be sold for $5,000.

(Additional prices of tigers and other wildlife animals on the black market.)

Source: “Wildlife smuggling trails go ever deeper,” Bangkok Post, June 27, 2011.

In 2010, nearly 140,000 cases of corruption was filed in China with over 146,000 people being punished.

Source: Associated Press, “China plans to step up fight against corruption,” Google News, June 22, 2011.

According to a report by the Central Bank in China, over $120 Billion were stolen from government accounts by corrupt government officials and money laundering methods between the mid 1990s until 2010.

The United States was reported to be a top destination for the stolen funds.

Source: Associated Press, “China plans to step up fight against corruption,” Google News, June 22, 2011.

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A civil court case in New York demonstrated the supply chain and profits involved in the counterfeit watch industry.

A group imported fake watch parts from China for the price of 27 cents per watch. After assembling the counterfeit, the group then sold the watches to wholesalers at the price of $12 to $20 per watch. The wholesalers then sold the fake watches to street vendors for $20 to $35 per watch. The vendors then sold the watches to customers for various prices based on street bargaining, with some watches being sold for as much as $250.

Source: “Counterfeit Watches —the Mushroom War!,” Jewelry Insurance Issues, December 2006 Newsletter.

Wildlife traffickers selling bear paws killed from bears in Russia and sold in China earn up to $50 for a set of 4.

Source: Andrew E. Kramer, “Russia Seizes Animal Parts,” New York Times, June 14, 2011.

Every year, between 4,000 and 4,500 tons of wildlife is trafficked through Vietnam, with a majority of the wildlife heading to China.

Officials in Vietnam estimate that 90 percent of wildlife trafficking cases go undetected in the country.

(Illegal wildlife trade prices.)

Source: “Wildlife smugglers are becoming more cunning: environmental police,” Thanh Nien, June 5, 2011.

Security officials in Myanmar reported 122 cases of human trafficking where women were brought into China and forced into marriage. The number of cases in 2010 was up from the 104 reported cases in 2009.

70 percent of all human trafficking cases in Myanmar involved forced marriage, with some parents selling their daughter for $1,000.

(Additional prices of human trafficking victims.)

Source: “MYANMAR: Bride trafficking to China unveiled,” IRIN Asia, June 2, 2011.

Environmental protection officials have reported that geckos native to the Philippines are being offered for sale on the black market to buyers in China and South Korea.

The tuko, as they are called in the Philippines, are being offered fro $2,300 (100,000 Philippine Pesos) for sale to buyers on websites. At that price, the buyers are expecting the geckos to weigh at least 500 grams.

In China, the geckos are used for traditional Chinese medicine, while in South Korea the geckos are bought to be used in AIDS research.

There were several websites that offered tuko for sale that were easily found by reporters. The geckos are protected under the law as an endangered species.

(Complete price list of exotic animals for sale)

In addition to the Philippines, geckos from New Zealand are on sale to buyers on the black market. Wildlife enforcement officials sated that geckos from New Zealand are taken out of the country and that are able to be sold for $1,300 (2,000 New Zealand Dollars) in Europe.

Source:  Carla P. Gomez, “Illegal wildlife traders target endemic geckos,” Inquirer, June 1, 2011.

Source:  Alanah Eriksen, “Thousands for stolen geckos on European black market,” New Zealand Herald, June 30, 2010.

Microsoft President Steve Ballmer stated that the company losses 95 percent of its possible revenue in China due to software piracy.

>Owen Fletcher and Jason Dean, “Ballmer Bares China Travails,” Wall Street Journal, May 27, 2011.

In the first half of 2011, Chinese authorities conducted 336 investigative cases on the counterfeiting of pesticides, seeds and fertilizers.

Counterfeit farming materials worth $23.5 Million (153 Million Yuan) was seized in the raids, along with 7,200 metric tons of counterfeit seeds.

Source: “China cracks down on counterfeit seeds, pesticides,” People Daily, May 19, 2011.