One-quarter of all cocaine that is produced in Colombia and Peru is smuggled through Ecuador to reach the United States. The amount of cocaine that travels through Ecuador is estimated to be 200 tons.
United States citizens consumed 157 tons of cocaine in 2009, according to the United Nations Office on Crime and Drugs. The cocaine market in the U.S. is estimated to be worth $37 Billion.
The U.S. Justice Department estimates between 500 to 700 metric tons of cocaine from South America enters the United States every year.
According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration, over 90 percent of the cocaine from South America that enters the US first travels through Guatemala. The Mexican government employs 125 immigration officers on the 540 mile border between Guatemala and Mexico. In comparison, the United States employs 30,000 agents on its border with Mexico.
Up to 3,000 kilograms of cocaine is consumed each year in Sydney and Melbourne, Australia.
The United States reported that 300 metric tons of cocaine was potentially produced in Colombia in 2010, down from the 700 metric tons that was produced in 2001, a drop of 57 percent.
In terms of battling cocaine production in the country, authorities fumigated 101,00 hectares of coca and manually eradicated 44,775 hectares of coca in 2010.
Between January 1 and May 23, 2011, Customs officials in the United States seized 491 pounds of cocaine at the El Paso Border crossing in Texas. During the same period in 2010, officials seized 221 pounds of cocaine. 32,000 pounds of marijuana was seized during the time period in 2011 at the border crossing, up from the 25,000 pounds of marijuana that was seized in 2010.
President Nicolas Sarkozy stated that there are about 5 million users of cocaine in Europe in 2011. The number of cocaine users in 2011 is doubled from the number of users in 2000.
Overdose deaths from painkillers increased from less than 4,000 in 2000 to over 11,000 in 2007. Overdose deaths from cocaine increased from around 3,000 in 2000 to over 5,000 in 2007. Overdose deaths from heroin has remained steady between 2000 and 2007 at around 2,000 a year.
Brazil is the largest drug consumer in South America, with an estimated 900,000 cocaine users in the country.