Between April 2008 to March 2010, the number of law enforcement cases involving cocaine in Australia increased by 55 percent. A gram of cocaine in Australia costs between 200 to 500 Australian dollars ($183 to 458).
In 2009, cocaine was found in 7 percent of failed drug tests of Wall Street employees, down from 16 percent in 2007. Marijuana was found in 80 percent of failed tests in 2009, compared to 64 percent in 2007. Amphetamines was found in 10 percent of failed tests, compared to 3 percent in 2007.
In El Salvador, the homicide rate increased by 37 percent in 2009 as there were 71 murders for every 100,000 residents. Other Central America countries had high homicide rates as well, with Honduras having 67 per 100,000, and Guatemala having 52 murders per 100,000 residents. By comparison, Mexico has 14 murders per 100,000 and the United States has 5.4 per 100,000 residents.
According to the United Nations, 1.7 million people in Mexico consume 27.6 tons of cocaine each year. 3.9 tons of heroin is consumed within the country as well. Up to 3 million people smoke marijuana in Mexico. Officially, the Mexican Government reports that there are 428,000 drug addicts in the country.
Half of all ships seized for drug trafficking in the Atlantic Ocean departed from Venezuela and was filled with cocaine headed towards Europe. Only 5 percent of ships trafficking cocaine were found to have departed from Colombia.
Security officials estimate that between 275 to 385 tons of cocaine moves through Guatemala from South America on its way to North America each year.
Drug traffickers are building submarines to transport cocaine from South America to Mexico. The cocaine is the smuggled into the United States. A typical submarine costs about $1 Million to build and can carry up to 4 metric tons of cocaine. In addition to the cost of building the sub, traffickers pay the crew manning the sub up to $25,000.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates the global market value of cocaine to be $85 Billion in 2009. The North American Cocaine market was valued at $38 Billion, and Europe was valued at $34 Billion. Total users of cocaine around the world was estimated at 17 million people in 2009.
In 2009, 45.4 percent of coca was from Peru, 39.3 from Colombia and 15.3 percent from Bolivia. 119,000 metric tons of coca leaf was from Peru, with Colombia producing 103,000 metric tons.
Cocaine trafficking in Canada generated an estimated $2.4 Billion in 2008.