Cocaine

News, information and statistics about cocaine abuse and the trafficking of cocaine. Data about cocaine is collected from criminal justice public health programs, drug treatment centers, security agencies and other public information sources.

Between April 2008 to March 2010, the number of law enforcement cases involving cocaine in Australia increased by 55 percent.

A gram of cocaine in Australia costs between 200 to 500 Australian dollars ($183 to $458).

(Latest crime in Australia statistics.)

Source: Sara Whyte, “High anxiety over cocaine boom,: Sydney Morning Herald, September 5, 2010.

In 2009, cocaine was found in 7 percent of failed drug tests of Wall Street employees, down from 16 percent in 2007.

Marijuana was found in 80 percent of failed tests in 2009, compared to 64 percent in 2007.

Amphetamines was found in 10 percent of failed tests, compared to 3 percent in 2007.

Source: Kyle Stock, “Wall Street Drug Use: Employees Giving Up Cocaine for Pot and Pills,” Wall Street Journal, August 20, 2010.

In El Salvador, security officials state that drug violence caused the homicide rate increased by 37 percent in 2009 as there were 71 murders for every 100,000 residents. Other Central America countries had high homicide rates as well, with Honduras having 67 per 100,000, and Guatemala having 52 murders per 100,000 residents.

By comparison, Mexico has 14 murders per 100,000 and the United States has 5.4 per 100,000 residents.

The high level of deaths in Central America is reported to be due to the increase in cocaine smuggling routes throughout the country. Cocaine seizures by security personnel in the region quadrupled from 2004 and 2007.

(Additional cocaine facts.)

Source: Nick Miroff and William Booth, “Mexican drug cartels bring violence with them in move to Central America,” Washington Post, July 27, 2010.

Buy VPN

According to the United Nations, 1.7 million people in Mexico consume 27.6 tons of cocaine each year. 3.9 tons of heroin is consumed within the country as well.

Up to 3 million people smoke marijuana in Mexico.

Officially, the Mexican Government reports that there are 428,000 drug addicts in the country.

(Latest crime in Mexico statistics.)

Source: Tim Johnson, “Rehab clinics turn into killing zones in Mexico’s drug war,” McClatchy, July 22, 2010.

Half of all ships seized for drug trafficking in the Atlantic Ocean departed from Venezuela and was filled with cocaine headed towards Europe. Only 5 percent of ships trafficking cocaine were found to have departed from Colombia.

(See more facts about cocaine trafficking here.)

Source: Chris Hawley, “Venezuela drug trade booms,” USA Today, July 21, 2010.

Security officials estimate that between 275 to 385 tons of cocaine moves through Guatemala from South America on its way to North America each year.

The amount of cocaine that is transported through Guatemala is almost enough to satisfy the entire cocaine demand in the United States.

(How much does cocaine cost per gram?)

Source: Tim Johnson, “How Guatemala nearly went narco’,” Miami Herald, July 11, 2010.

Drug smugglers are building submarines to transport cocaine from South America to Mexico. The cocaine is then smuggled into the United States.

A typical submarine costs about $1 Million to build and can carry up to 4 metric tons of cocaine. In addition to the cost of building the sub, traffickers pay the crew manning the sub up to $25,000.

With a kilogram of cocaine selling on average for $90,000 in the United States, the amount of cocaine shipped in a 4 ton submarine can be valued for up to $360 Million (90,000 times 4,000).

(More prices of cocaine worldwide.)

Source: Dane Schiller, “Sinking to new lows,” Houston Chronicle, June 26, 2010.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates the global market value of cocaine to be $85 Billion in 2009. The North American Cocaine market was valued at $38 Billion, and Europe was valued at $34 Billion.

Total users of cocaine around the world was estimated at 17 million people in 2009.

(More cocaine facts and statistics here.)

Source: UNODC, “World Drug Report 2011,” June 2011, Executive Summary, page 16-17.

In 2009, 45.4 percent of coca was from Peru, 39.3 from Colombia and 15.3 percent from Bolivia.

119,000 metric tons of coca leaf was from Peru, with Colombia producing 103,000 metric tons.

For processed cocaine, Colombia still lead the world in terms of production in 2009 with 410 tons.

(Additional cocaine facts.)

Source: AFP, “Peru becomes the world’s leading coca producer: UN,” Google News, June 22, 2010.

Cocaine trafficking in Canada generated an estimated $2.4 Billion in 2008.

Source: UNODC, “The Globalization of Crime,” Chapter 4: Cocaine, June 2010.