Cocaine

News, information and statistics about cocaine abuse and the trafficking of cocaine. Data about cocaine is collected from criminal justice public health programs, drug treatment centers, security agencies and other public information sources.

According to estimates by security and intelligence agencies, an estimated 345 tons of cocaine is produced in Colombia each year. Out of this total, around 20 percent, or 70 tons, is consumed domestically in the country. The cocaine used in Colombia is generally used in a powder form or in the cheaper form of cocaine base.

640 tons of marijuana is consumed in Colombia each year, with only 30 percent of the marijuana produced in Colombia being exported to other countries.

(Price of cocaine around the world.)

Source:  James Bargent, “Growing Local Drug Market Fuels Colombia’s Underworld,” Insight Crime, May 29, 2013.

Police in Uganda arrested 780 people for drug crimes and had 312 people convicted in the criminal justice system in 2012.

3 people were convicted in the country for cannabis farming, 6 people were arrested for marijuana crimes, and 48 acres of cannabis were destroyed during the year. An addition 70 kilograms of cannabis seeds were seized by police.

Officials state that marijuana cultivation is increasing in Uganda as farmers view it as a cash crop. Some land owners rent out their land to marijuana farmers.

Security personnel also destroyed over 2,257 kilograms for marijuana and 20 kilograms of heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine that it has previously seized.

Italian mafia organization ‘Ndrangheta is believed to control up to 80 percent of Europe’s cocaine imports.

Source:  Tristan Dessert, “In the footsteps of the ‘Ndrangheta, the most powerful branch of Italian mafia,” Franc 24, May17, 2013.

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In order to make 1 kilogram of cocaine, drug producers need to cultivate around 370 kilograms of coca leaf, or over 800 pounds. The producers need over two acres of land in order to grow enough coca leaf to create a kilo of cocaine.

Source:  Associated Press, “Bolivia’s Challenge: Making Coca Palatable,” ABC News, May 8, 2013.

In Northern Mali, a cigarette smuggler is paid $200 (100,000- CFA Francs) for a single trip transporting tobacco across the Sahara Desert.  If the same smuggler is transporting cocaine, then the smuggler would be paid $2,000.

(All under the table jobs and criminal income.)

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that up to 18 tonnes of cocaine is smuggled through West Africa on its way to Europe. The cocaine has a street value of $1.25 Billion.

(See the price of cocaine per gram worldwide.)

Source:  Afua Hirsch, “Cocaine flows through Sahara as al-Qaida cashes in on lawlessness,” Guardian, May 2, 2013.

Security officials estimate that racketeering by organized crime groups in Peru earn between $5 Billion to $7 Billion a year.

Cocaine production in Peru is estimated to be around 325 tons per year, which generates over $1 Billion a year. Cocaine from Peru accounts for 5 percent of the 300 tons of cocaine that is used in the United States each year.

(Cocaine prices from around the world.)

Source:  Robert Muggah and Jeremy McDermott, “A Massive Drug Trade, and No Violence,” Atlantic, April 24, 2013.

Police agencies in Spain seized 20.7 tonnes of cocaine and 325.5 tonnes of hashish in 2012. The amount of cocaine seized was roughly 25 percent higher than the amount seized in 2011. The amount of hashish was down 8.5 percent from 2011.

The amount of cocaine seized in Spain represented 41 percent of all cocaine and 73 percent of all hashish seized in Europe in 2012.

Source:  AFP, “Spain fights to lose status as drug gateway to Europe,” Google News, April 22, 2013.

From January to September 2012, security agencies in the Republic of Kosovo seized 1,091 kilograms of marijuana, 51.5 kilograms of heroin, 7.2 kilograms of cocaine, and 153 ecstasy pills. The amount of illegal drugs seized in 2012 was higher than the amount of drugs seized in 2011.

Officials estimate that most drug users in the country are men between the ages of 18 to 35 who smoke marijuana.

Source:  Menekse Tokyay, “Turkey and Balkans battle drug trafficking,” SETimes.com, April 22, 2013.

Basuco is a form of low grade cocaine that is widely used in Colombia.

In the city of Bogata, an estimated 7,000 users are living in the city, each taking up to 15 to 20 hits a day.

Each hit costs less than a dollar.

(More cocaine street prices here.)

Source:  Ted Hesson, “Fighting Drug Addiction With Marijuana,” ABC News, April 1, 2013.

From 2010 to February 2013, security officials in Costa Rica seized 22 tons of cocaine and 377,000 doses of crack cocaine.

Officials also destroyed almost 4 million marijuana plants within the country, and seized $10.5 Million in cash from drug trafficking organizations.

(More intelligence about illicit cash transactions. )

Source:  Mario Garita, “Communities, police fight narco-trafficking,” Inside Costa Rica, March 28, 2013.