Heroin

Latest heroin statistics and heroin addiction facts. Information about heroin addiction and heroin addiction statistics are collected from various public information sources and news stories.

According to statistics from criminal justice programs in Pakistan, up to one million people in the country are addicted to heroin.

Half of the heroin addicts use needles and inject the drug while using. Of the 500,000 who are heroin injectors, nearly 30 percent, or 150,000 people, are infected with HIV.

All of the heroin that is consumed in Pakistan is trafficked from neighboring Afghanistan. In 2013, the United Nations estimated that up to 5,500 tonnes of opium was cultivated in Afghanistan.

(How much heroin cost on the streets per gram)

Source:  Pakistan has estimated one million heroin users,” The News International, December 15, 2013.

According to data submitted by a reader, the price of a bag of heroin on the black market in British Columbia, Canada is between $14 to $23 (15 to 25 Canadian Dollars).

A “bag” of heroin is contains roughly 0.1 grams of heroin.

Further inland, the cost of heroin increases. In Ontario, a bag of heroin sells for $33 to $42 (35 to 45 Canadian).

(How much does heroin cost per gram?)

To submit data on the black market to Havocscope, submit information here.

Source:  User submitted data to Havocscope, received on December 9, 2013.

The World Gold Council estimates that between 150 to 200 tonnes of gold was smuggled into India in 2013. Officially, there was also 900 tonnes of gold that was imported to the country during the year. ‘

Intelligence officials in India state that most of the gold originates in Dubai, with Singapore also becoming a key player. The gold is smuggled to Sri Lanka, where it is then transported into the country.

Customs officials have begun paying informants a higher reward for help in stooping gold smuggling than they pay illegal drug informants. An informant who provides information about gold smuggling can receive a reward up to $807 (50,000 Indian Rupees) for each kilogram of bullion seized. By comparison, a cocaine informant can receive up to $645 (40,000 Rupees) while a heroin informant receives up to $322 (20,000 Rupees) as a reward.

The actually smuggler who carries the gold into India is paid $161 (10,000 Rupees) per trip.

(More underground income and profits.)

Source:  A. Anathalakshmi and Siddesh Mayenkar, “Bullion smuggling outstrips narcotics to feed gold habit,” Reuters, December 4, 2013.

According to an annual threat assessment report by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, users of heroin in the country are starting at a younger age.

In 2009, the average age when a heroin abuser first started the drug was 25.5 years old. In 2010, it dropped to 21.4 years old, and settled at 22 years old in 2011.

In cities such as Minneapolis, Minnesota, 19.9 percent of people arrested who tested positive for heroin was under the age of 21. Between 2010 t0 2011, the number of heroin deaths in Minneapolis increased from 16 deaths to 46 deaths. Arrests  for heroin trafficking has also increased.

In 2010, a estimated 142,000 people tried heroin for the first time in the United States. In 2011, the number of first time heroin users increased to 178,000. During the time period of 2002 to 2008, the average range of first time heroin users was between 91,000 to 118,000.

(Heroin street price.)

Source (PDF):  “National Drug Threat Assessment Summary 2013,” U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, November 2013,  page 6.

(See all heroin facts and statistics.)

In the Midwest region of the United States, the Sinaloa drug cartel is offering heroin at a cheaper rate the prescription pain killers.

According to a report by Bloomberg, users who are addicted to painkillers turn to heroin due to the costs. One pills of Vicodin sold on the black market costs around $5 to $6. As a user becomes more addicted to the pill, more pills are necessary to satisfy the craving. One user stated that she was taking up to 10 Vicodin pills a day for a cost of $50 per day.

(More prices of heroin for sale around the world.)

The Sinaloa cartel, on the other hand, was offering one-tenth of a gram for $10. Due to the strength of the heroin, two to three hits of heroin could last the same user for the entire day, cutting down on the costs.  The Sinaloa cartel’s heroin is 94 percent pure, according to security services, and is a point of pride for the cartel.

Up to 50 metric tons of heroin is produced in Mexico each year. Nearly half of all heroin abused in the United States is produced in Mexico, with the remaining heroin being smuggled in from South America and Asia.

(All heroin addiction facts and statistics here.)

Source:  Andrew Martin, “Cartel Hits Midwest With Heroin Killing Chicago Youth,” Bloomberg, November 12, 2013.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reported that the total area in Afghanistan that was planted with opium was 209,000 hectares in 2013. Out of the total area, the potential production of opium was 5,500 tones.

The are of opium cultivation in 2013 was the highest levels ever recorded an a 36 percent increase from the year before. It was also the first time ever that the total area of opium cultivation was over 200,000 hectares.

Source:  “Afghanistan opium harvest at record high – UNODC,” BBC News, November 13, 2013.

Federal data from the United States showed that nearly 80 percent of people who used heroin in 2011 also previously abused prescription painkillers in 2011.

The rise in prescription drug abuse in the United States has lead to a rise in the number of people using heroin. Between 2007 and 2012, the number of people using heroin in the United States increased from 373,000 to 669,000.

Health experts state that when people become addicted to painkillers, the will turn to the black market to find pills to satisfy their addiction. If they can’t find pills, then they will turn to heroin. (Latest heroin addiction statistics.)

Both heroin and prescription painkillers such as oxycodone are derived from opium. They both share a similar molecule that attaches to the brain’s receptor, which gives the user a positive feeling when the drug is taken, and a negative feeling when it is not taken. Thus, both painkillers and heroin are extremely addictive to users and are interchangeable when addicted.

Source:  “With Rise Of Painkiller Abuse, A Closer Look At Heroin,” NPR, November 2, 2013.

There were an estimated 1.6 million drug users in Afghanistan in 2013, roughly 5.3 percent of the country’s population. 10 percent of households across Afghanistan has at least one drug user residing there.

In the city of Herat, 20 percent of households has a drug user residing there with roughly 8 percent of the city population abusing drugs. Across the entire province, security services state that there are 60,000 to 70,000 drug addicts, with public health programs claiming 100,000.  18 percent of intravenous drug users in the city were infected with HIV, compared to 3 percent of intravenous drug users in Kabul.

In October 2013, the intelligence agency of Afghanistan fired 65 employees because they were addicted to opium.

(See all heroin addiction facts.)

In order to treat the drug addicts, there are under 28,000 formal drug treatment slots available nationwide, according to health officials. The criminal justice system of Afghanistan spends less than $4 Million a year on treatment, and relies on $12 Million in international aid to meet the costs.

Between 2001 and 2013, the United States has spent over $6 Billion to battle the opium industry in Afghanistan. In 2010 to 2012, opium cultivation increased to its highest levels since 2008. Demand for Afghan heroin and the prices of heroin have remained steady.

Source:  Azam Ahmed, “That Other Big Afghan Crisis, the Growing Army of Addicts,” New York Times, November 2, 2013.

Nyaope, or Whoonga, is a street drug that is popular in South Africa. The drug is made up of various products, such as marijuana, low-grade heroin, rat poison and HIV-antiretrovirals. The drug is sold on the black market for $30 (30 South African Rand).

Public health programs in South Africa  started noticing  incidents of the drugs beginning in 2007 and have seen a rise in the number of cases. At a single drug treatment center near Johannesburg, 63 people received treatment for nyaope addiction in April 2013. In June, the number of addicts receiving drug treatment increased to 134, and 223 patients were recorded in August 2013.

(Find out how much heroin costs worldwide.)

Source:  “South Africa’s poorest hooked on cocktail of heroin and anti-HIV drugs,” NBC News, October 31, 2013.

Public health programs and agencies in Canada have estimated that there have been 3,757 deaths from overdoses on opioids in Ontario, Canada between 2002 to 2011.

(More overdose statistics from prescription drug abuse.)

Between 2009 and 2011,  oxycodone was linked to 491 overdose deaths and fentanyl was lined to 253 deaths.

A drug dealer in Ottawa stated in a media interview that he sells patches of fentanyl for $80 to $240 for a single “one hundred” patch on the black market.

(How much does heroin cost on the black market?)

Source:  “Drug dealer explains lure and risk of fentanyl abuse,” CBC News, October 29, 2013.