Human Smuggling

Information and statistics about human smuggling and illegal transportion of migrants worldwide. Data about the routes, prices and journey are collected from intelligence agencies, security reports and other public information sources.

According to the Pew Hispanic Center, roughly 58 percent of all illegal immigrants in the United States in 2008 were from Mexico.


According to author Moises Naim, the FBI estimates that “the Mexican people trade earns the networks $6 to $9 billion each year.

(See all human smuggling statistics here.)


According to author Moises Naim, “human smuggling out of China alone has been estimated between $1 and $3 billion per year”.



The Human Smuggling market is estimated to be $20 billion.


Fake IDs are often including in the smuggling fees for undocumented immigrants who are smuggled from Mexico. While in the United States, undocumented immigrants are able to purchase fake identification from flea markets and other vendors for $75 to $300. Identity documents available for purchase include Social Security cards, Driver Licenses, and Green Cards.

(Prices charged by human smugglers.)


The human smuggling industry in China charges people between $10,000 to $25,000 to purchase a fraudulent passport, and between $3,000 to $5,000 to alter the photo of a passport.

Source: National Institute of Justice, “Characteristics of Chinese Human Smugglers,” Research in Brief, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, August 2004, pg.7, (accessed: September 3, 2006).

Human smuggling activities from Africa to Europe generates $400 Million in profits for the smugglers.

(How much does human smuggling cost?)


According to Interpol, “migrants from Asia can expect to pay more than US$30,000 for access to Western Europe and US$60,000 for North America”.

(More human smuggling fees.)


As many as 300,000 Africans are being smuggled into Europe each year. The price of transport ranges from $385 to over $1,000.

(Prices paid to human smugglers worldwide.)


The Pew Hispanic Center has estimated that there are 11.5 to 12 Million Unauthorized Migrants to be in the United States.