Chinese orphanages earn around $3,000 per child in fees from parents adopting a child.
In 2010, there were 4 million orphaned or abandoned children in Russia.
More than 60 percent of children in orphanages in Nepal have living parents, according to a study. The high level of children with parents demonstrated abuses within the system where many children were trafficked for illegal adoptions.
According to the Chinese Government, between 30,000 to 60,000 children go missing each year. Most of them are believed to have been kidnapped by child traffickers and sold to orphanages who sell them to Western Families for adoption.
According to a report by Save the Children, 4 out of 5 children living in an orphanage around the world has a living parent. The report states that some organizations trick or force the parents to give up their child, leading to risks of trafficking and abuse.
According to UNICEF, between 1,000 to 1,500 Guatemalan babies are trafficked each year for adoptions by couples in North America and Europe.
The average cost to adopt a baby from Vietnam is $25,000, according to the New York Times. This high cost has created a black market in baby-buying which lead to the US State Department issuing a warning on adoptions from Vietnam.
Children are sold in China at prices between $1,000 and $5,850 (7,000 yuan to 40,000 yuan), with the price varying to factors such as age and sex. Children are bought and sold for various reasons. Boys may be sold to beggar gangs or families with no boys, while girls may be sold to poor men who are unable to find a wife in their village.
Foreign Policy Magazine has an article on the unregulated market of international adoptions, and the misconceptions amongst those who adopt…
The 2005 EU Organized Crime Report stated that an estimated 1 million children are involved in illegal adoptions. The market value of these adoptions are estimated to be worth EUR 1 billion ($1.3 Billion) a year.