1. Mongolia $0.100 Billion ($100 Million)

  2. Black Market Crime in Mongolia

Mongolia Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Mongolia’s black market. Intelligence and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public data sources.


Paleontologists have reported that there is an active black market where traffickers provide customers dinosaur fossils for sale. The customers, who are usually in the high-income bracket, purchase dinosaur fossils as a collectable items or as artwork.

In certain countries where dinosaur fossils are known to be buried, the buying and selling of the remains is illegal. However, in certain countries, such as the United States allows for a commercial market in fossils. Yet, in the United States, it is illegal to take dinosaur fossils from public lands and then sell them to the public.

In a case from 2012, an American man pleaded guilty for smuggling fossils from Mongolia. The man was attempting to sell a 70 million year old Tyrannosaurus Bataar. The dinosaur’s fossils were valued at $15,000, but was set to be sold for $1 Million at an auction before US officials shut down the sale and returned the fossils to Mongolia.

The illegal dinosaur fossil seller also sold a Sauroplus angustirostris skeleton for $75,000.

Experts believe that the black market in dinosaur fossils took off after the bones of a Tyrannosaurus Rex was sold to a Chicago museum at a 1997 auction for $8.26 Million.

(More prices of wildlife and animals for sale on the black market.)

Source:  Erik Ortiz, “Fossil Theft Raises Concerns About Bustling Black Market,” NBC News, February 21, 2014.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) stated that there are almost 19,000 prostitutes working in Mongolia.

The population of the country is 2.7 million, meaning that there is one prostitute for every 140 people.

(Number of prostitutes by country.)

Source: AFP, “Mongolia mining success brings booming sex trade,” Google News, July 11, 2011.

The illegal wildlife trade in Mongolia generates $100 Million a year.

Source: “The List of Endangered Species: Always lengthening,” WWF, accessed: October 14, 2009.


Human trafficking activities in Mongolia creates 3,000 to 5,000 victims of human trafficking each year. The majority of the victims are women and children who end up forced to work in various prostitution markets worldwide.

Mongolian victims are trafficked to countries as far away as Germany, Israel, and the United Arab Emirates.