Nigeria Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Nigeria’s black market. Intelligence and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public data sources.

Reports from various criminal justice departments in the United Kingdom showed that there were a total of 371 children who fell victim to  human trafficking in 2012. The number of children officially registered as victims was 50 percent higher than the 234 children identified in 2011.

In 2012, the largest number of children trafficked into the UK was from Vietnam, where 95 children were from. 67 children were from Nigeria and 25 were from China. 20 British girls were also identified.

For adults, there were 786 women identified as human trafficking victims in 2012, an increase of 12 percent from the year before. 400 men were trafficking victims, an increase of nearly a third.

(Prices paid for human trafficking victims.)

Source:  Steven Swinford, “Girl smuggled into Britain to have her ‘organs harvested’,” Telegraph, October 18, 2013.

A report by Transparency International found that one in six students around the world had to pay a bribe in order to receive education services.

In addition to the bribes, corrupt actions taken by officials has prevented millions of dollars from reaching schools. In Kenya, funding that could be used to purchase up to 11 million textbooks are lost each year. In Tanzania, over one-third of the funding that was to be used for funding 180 schools is lost to corruption. In Nigeria, $21 Million that was meant for schools was lost to corruption in a span of 2 years.

(All statistics on the effects of corruption.)

Source:  Sean Coughlan, “Corruption and bribery in the classroom,” BBC News, October 9, 2013.

An estimated 100,000 barrels of oil is being stolen each day from refineries in Nigeria.

The total value of the losses from oil theft in Nigeria is valued at $8 Billion a year. 90 percent of the stolen oil is smuggled onto vessels and shipped to foreign countries.

Previously, the reported amount of losses to oil smuggling in Nigeria was $6 Billion.

Nigeria exports 2 million barrels of oil each day and is the world’s 13th largest producer.

Source:  Roberto A. Ferdman, “How to steal 100,000 barrels of oil a day, and get away with it,” Quartz, September 21. 2013.

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Security service personnel in Nigeria found a baby selling industry where new born babies are taken from their mothers and sold on the black market. In one such clinic, most of the mothers were unmarried and had unplanned pregnancies and were either persuaded or voluntarily sold their baby.

The mother would receive $200 for her baby when sold to the broker, who may also serve as the midwife. The broker then sells the baby to another party for $1,500. Although there are rumors that the babies are sold to witchdoctors for occult rituals, security forces say that most of the babies are sold to couples who cannot conceive a child.

According to the United Nations, human trafficking is the third largest crime in Nigeria behind fraud and drug trafficking.

Source:  AFP, “Nigerian ‘baby factories’ bring profits and pain,” Google News, September 8, 2013.

According to crisis management firm red24, there are over 1,000 cases of kidnapping for ransom that takes place in Nigeria each year.

It was previously reported that the average ransom paid out for the hostages was $50,000 in 2012. The kidnappers in Nigeria usually demand $500,000 as an opening figure.

(All kidnapping for ransom intelligence.)

Source:  “Proof of life: Behind the hostage industry,” News.com.au, September 11, 2013.

Over the span of 10 years, thousands of people have been killed due to religious and ethnic violence in the Central Nigerian region known as the Middle Belt.

Contributing to the violence is an estimated 5,000 firearms that were illegally trafficked into the area. Out of those illicit arms, about 3,500 are AK-47s that were produced in France and Ukraine and smuggled to Nigeria. The remaining 1,500 are locally produced firearms.

(Prices of AK-47s and other weapons on the black market.)

Source:  Alexis Okeowo, “The Arms-Trade Treaty and the Gun Seller,” New Yorker, September 9, 2013.

Due to oil theft activities, around 30,000 jobs have been lost in Nigeria between 2011 to 2013, according to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN).

The Finance Minister in Nigeria stated that up to 400,000 barrels of oil was being stolen per day in 2012.

Source:  Akinola Ajbande, “30,000 lose jobs to oil theft,” The Nation, August 5, 2013.

The Nigerian Copyright Commission reported that counterfeiting and piracy causes losses of over $1 Billion each year in Nigeria.

Source:  Chris Ochayi, “Nigeria loses over $1bn annually to piracy – NCC,” Vanguard, July 30, 2013.

Half of the deforestation activities that took place in 9 forest reserves in Nigeria between 2010 and 2012 were due to marijuana cultivation.

According to a survey conducted by the Southwest/Niger Delta Forest Project, cannabis growers in the region can earn over 2 to 3 times more money that they would have earned though food crops.

(Price of marijuana around the world.)

Source:  Liz Kimbrough, “Illegal marijuana cultivation threatens Nigeria’s forests and chimps,” Mongabay.com, July 26, 2013.

Criminal justice programs in Norway identified 349 people who were classified as victims of human trafficking activities in 2012. The number of victims in Norway was the highest number since the survey began collecting statistics in 2007.

255 of the victims were women, 70 were children, and 24 were men.

Most of the victims were trafficked for the purpose of prostitution, with 239 victims of sexual exploitation.

The victims were from 50 nationalities, but 163 originated from Nigeria, and 46 were trafficked from Romania.

Between the years 2003 to June 2013, prosecutors in Norway obtained 28 convictions for human trafficking crimes.

(Additional human trafficking statistics.)

Source:  “Number of Human Trafficking Victims Increases,” Nordic Page, July 23, 2013.