Pakistan Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Pakistan’s black market. Intelligence data and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public information sources.

23.5 Billion illegal cigarettes were smoked in Pakistan in 2012. Illegal tobacco consists of cigarettes that avoided tax payments, were smuggled into the country, or were counterfeits.

Tobacco taxes in Pakistan make up 68.5 to 81 percent of the retail price of a pack of cigarettes.

Source:  Javed Mirza, “Illicit cigarette trade to cost Rs100 billion to exchequer,” The News (Pakistan), March 19, 2013.

The Chairman of Pakistan’s National Accountability Bureau stated that corruption and tax evasion activities in Pakistan causes a total loss of $102 Million to $122 Million (10 Billion to 12 Billion Pakistani Rupee) every day.

(More security threats to Pakistan.)

Source:  “NAB claims corruption amounts to Rs10-12 billion daily in Pakistan,” News Pakistan, December 13, 2012.

Additional corruption news and statistics.

The Government of Pakistan is losing up to $80 Million a year due to the smuggling of used tires from India and China.

In 2010, smuggled tires in Pakistan consisted of 20 percent of the total passenger car tire market, while imported tires stood at 37 percent and domestic tires at 43 percent. Smuggled tires made up 52 percent of the light truck market, and  47 percent of the trucks/buses tire market.

The used tires end up in Pakistan because China and India dump scrap materials in bulk in Pakistan.

Source:  Hina Mahgul Rind, “‘Smuggling of tyres causes annual losses worth $80m’,” News International, October 11, 2012.


Since the end of the civil war in Sri Lanka in 2009, there has been an increased in the number of people arrested for illegal drug offenses.

In 2009, law enforcement agencies arrested 19,000 people on various drug crimes. In 2010, the number of arrests increased to nearly 30,000.

In 2011, the number of drug arrests continued to increase to 40,000.

In the first half of 2012, some 19,000 suspects were arrested for drug crimes in Sri Lanka.  The estimated street value of the drugs seized in the first half of 2012 was worth $7.7 Million. Most of the foreign drug dealers in the country came from India and Pakistan.

According to government data, nearly 3,000 Sri Lankans were being treated for drug abuse in 2009.

(Latest drug trafficking statistics here.)

Source:  “SRI LANKA: Upsurge in illegal drug seizures,” IRIN, October 4, 2012.

There were about 7,000 reported cases of kidnappings in Pakistan in 2011, with 3,090 kidnapping occurring in the city of Karachi.

The Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, a Pakistani child advocacy organization, stated that Pakistan is one of the world’s five most dangerous countries for kidnappings.

Source:  Michele Langevine Leiby, “Pakistan a dismal place to be a kid, report finds,” Washington Post, September 24, 2012.

Shopkeepers in the Pakistani town of Bara purchase kilograms of marijuana at prices between $530 to $690 (50,000 to 60,00 Pakistani Rupees). The price of a kilogram of marijuana increased in 2012 from the previous price of $200 (20,000 Rupees) due to violent conflicts between militants in the valley region.

Militants who set up checkpoints skim off $21 (2,00 Rupees) per kilogram of marijuana from smugglers. The smugglers themselves are able to make $52 (5,000 Rupees) per kilo, while the shopkeepers make $105 (10,000 Rupees) per kilogram of marijuana.

(See more cannabis prices from around the world)

Source:  Associated Press, “Pakistan conflict fueling marijuana boom,” Sunday Times, September 9, 2012.

(More security threats and crime in Pakistan.)

Migrants from Pakistan who attempt to illegally enter the United States reportedly pay human smugglers between $18,000 to $26,000 to be smuggled into the US via Bangkok.

In the first half of the 2000s, migrants were paying smugglers $13,500 to be smuggled into the United Kingdom.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, most Pakistanis who are smuggled out of the country are single men who are 30 year old.

Source:  “Migrant Smuggling in Asia: A Thematic Review of Literature,” United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, August 2012.

An artifact smuggler working out of Pakistan stated that he is able to sell a Buddha statue weighing between 40 to 80 kilograms for $20,000 on the global black market.

While digging, the smuggler says that he pays the local police station a bribe of $106 (10,000 Pakistani Rupees) as an advance, and $10.62 (1,000 Rupees) for each day of digging.

(More on stolen Buddhist and religious artifact theft.)

Source:  AFP, “Millionaires unveil Pakistan’s artefact smuggling secrets,” DAWN, August 9, 2012.

In 2011, between 210 tons to 240 tons of Afghan heroin was smuggled though Pakistan on its way to the global drug market. The amount of heroin that was moved through Pakistan represented 35 to 40 percent of the total heroin produced in Afghanistan in 2011, and was worth between $25 and $30 Billion.

(Additional heroin facts and statistics.)

Around 25 percent of Afghan heroin was smuggled though Northern routes on its way to Russia.

(How much does heroin cost per gram?)

Source:  “‘Over 200 tonnes of heroin is smuggled via Pakistan a year’,” Dawn, July 5, 2012.

In 2011, there were an estimated 9.6 million drug abusers in Pakistan. 1.5 million people in the country abused opium, while 750,000 people were addicted to heroin. 200,000 injected themselves with drugs.

10 percent of college students and 40 percent of the prison population abuses drugs in Pakistan, according to medical experts.

The domestic market in illegal drugs in Pakistan is estimated to be worth $1.5 Billion. Global drug trafficking through Pakistan is estimated to be worth $4.8 Billion.

Source: Muhammad Qasim, “Drug addiction increasing alarmingly,” News International, June 26, 2012.