Pakistan Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Pakistan’s black market. Intelligence data and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public information sources.

One third of respondents to a survey in South Asia reported paying a bribe to officials in 2011 for legally entitled services.

40 percent of citizens in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Maldives reported that they paid a bribe to a government worker. The police were the largest recipients of the bribes.

Up to two-thirds of people in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan who had contact with the police paid a bribe during the year.

(Police corruption examples and cases.)

Source: AFP, “A third of south Asians made to pay bribes: survey,” Google News, December 22, 2011.

According to an officer with the Federal Investigation Agency, there are over 400 human traffickers who are operating within Pakistan.

Up to 75 to 100 illegal immigrants are entering the Pakistan every day through through the country’s airports.

(Prices paid for victims by human traffickers.)

Source: Ali Hassan, “Human trafficking cases witness sharp increase in 2011,” Daily Times, October 24, 2011.

Between 2008 and 2011, the Federal Investigation Agency in Pakistan reported arresting 4,378 people for human trafficking.

Source: “4378 human traffickers arrested in last three years : Malik ,” Associated Press of Pakistan, October 14, 2011.

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A women who was rescued by police in Pakistan was reportedly sold by human traffickers for $342 (30,000 Pakistani Rupees).  After the initial sale, she was kept in a room and was in the process of being sold off again in an auction when police showed up.

(More facts about human trafficking.)

Source: “Human trafficking: Abducted women auctioned off to highest bidder,” Express Tribune, September 28, 2011.

Fruit smuggling into Iran is costing farmers in Pakistan up to $40 Million a year in lost revenue. Exports of the citrus fruit kinnow has dropped from previous levels of 2,000 containers to only 200 containers in recent years.

Source: Shahid Shah, “Fruits smuggling to Iran Pakistan losing $40m annually,” The News, September 17, 2011.

The sale of counterfeit cigarettes in Pakistan lead to losses of $11 .5 Million (1 Billion Pakistani Rupees) a year in government revenue.

Source: PPI, “Up in smoke: Tobacco industry losing billions to tax evasion,” Express Tribune, August 12, 2011.

Students from the Pakistani province of Balochistan are able to enter Afghanistan during opium harvesting season and find jobs. According to local social workers, the students are able to earn around $15 to $20 a day harvesting opium.

In 2010, many of the students returned home to Pakistan after earning $1,500 to $2,000 for the entire season.

(More heroin facts and statistics.)

Source: Qaiser Butt, “Illicit drug production: Balochistan madrassa students harvest poppy on holidays,” Express Tribune, August 5, 2011.

Up to 150 metric tons of heroin enters Pakistan every year, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

80 tons of heroin is consumed domestically inside Pakistan, with the remaining 70 metric tons being trafficked through the country on to other destinations.

42 percent of all heroin produced in Afghanistan is smuggled to Pakistan for domestic use or en route to Europe and other locations.

Source: Misbah Saba Malik, “Drug trafficking, a rising concern in Pakistan,” Xinhua, July 29, 2011.

The black market trade of opiates in Pakistan was worth $1.2 Billion in 2009, according to the United Nations Office on Crime and Drugs. The total market value includes both international trafficking and domestic consumption of heroin.

Source: UNODC, “World Drug Report 2011,” June 2011, page 83.

1,264 hostages were kidnapped and held for ransom in Pakistan in 2008, according to the US National Counterterrorism Center.

In 2009, the number of hostages kidnapped increased to 3,366.

Source: Associated Press, “Turn To Abductions Shows Al-Qaida’s Cash Squeeze,” NPR News, June 19, 2011.