Peru Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Peru’s black market. Intelligence and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public data sources.

Up to $5.3 Billion has been laundered through banks and financial institutions in Peru in 2011, according to country’s banking regulators.

83 percent of the money laundered is due to drug trafficking.

Source:  Jeanna Cullinan, “$5.3Bn Laundered through Peru’s Banks in 2011 ,” InSight Crime, November 17, 2011.

The International Organization for Migration reported 253 cases of human trafficking in Peru in 2010.

12o cases, or 47 percent of the total, took place in Lima, Peru’s capital. Of the 120 cases in the capital, 110 of the human trafficking victims were trafficked by family members.

Source: “Family Members Behind Most Human Trafficking in Peru – IOM,”  Andean Air Mail and Peruvian Times, December 7, 2011.

(All threats and statistics from crime in Peru.)

In Peru, there are more pirated copies of books that are sold than there are of legitimate books.

In addition, the pirated books publishing industry employs more people than the legal book industry and earns roughly the same amount of money.

Source: Robert Neuwirth, Stealth of Nations: The Global Rise of the Informal Economy, (Pantheon, New York. 2011), page 105.

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The United States Government provides up to $38 Million in financing for coca eradication efforts in Peru in 2011. The drug eradication program was estimated to eliminate 10,000 hectares of coca in 2011.  An estimated 61,200 hectares of coca was planted in Peru during the year.

(Additional cocaine facts and statistics.)

Source: Caroline Stauffer, “Peru’s new anti-drug czar in delicate dance with U.S.,” Reuters, October 18, 2011.

Officials in Peru estimated that up to 330 tons of cocaine was produced in the country in 2010. An estimated 350 tons of cocaine was produced in Colombia in 2010.

(Cocaine facts and statistics.)

Source: “Peru suspends coca eradication programme,” Al Jazeera, August 18, 2011.

The Government of Peru allows 7 different species of parrots to be sold legally in wildlife markets within the country.

In a 2008 study, the report found 34 species of parrots being sold in the markets of Peru. Of the 34 identified, one was endangered and two were vulnerable to endangered status.

(Endangered animals sold on the black market.)

Source: Lynn Miao, “The Illegal Parrot Trade,” Audubon Magazine, July 28, 2011.

One-quarter of all cocaine that is produced in Colombia and Peru is smuggled through Ecuador to reach the United States.

The amount of cocaine that travels through Ecuador is estimated to be 200 tons.

(Additional cocaine facts and information.)

Source: Chris Kraul, “Drug trafficking on the rise through Ecuador,” Los Angeles Times, June 26, 2011.

An organ trafficker in Peru paid individuals $5,000 for their organs while charging patients $150,000 to receive the organs.

Source:   Michael Smith, “Desperate Americans Buy Kidneys From Peru Poor in Fatal Trade,” Bloomberg, May 11, 2011.

Cables released by Wikileaks revealed that the Peruvian Government knew that between 70 to 90 percent of all mahogany exported from Peru in 2005 was illegally logged. Most of the exports were destined for the United States.

Source: Catherine de Lange, “Wikileaks reveals endangered hardwood on sale in US,” New Scientist, March 8, 2011.

The illegal and unauthorized mining of gold in Peru causes $560 Million in lost revenue for the country each year.

Source: Jeremy Haken, “Transnational Crime in the Developing World,” Global Financial Integrity, February 2011.