Peru Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from Peru’s black market. Intelligence and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public data sources.

According to the US Office of National Drug Control Policy, Bolivia produced 195 metric tons of cocaine in 2009 and Peru produced 225 metric tons of cocaine in 2009.

Source: Heather Walsh, “Colombia Cocaine Output Fell Last Year Amid Spraying, U.S. Drug Czar Says,” Bloomberg, December 9, 2010.

Movie piracy in Peru accounts for 98 percent of all DVD sales in the county.

Source: “Tech-innovated project to reduce movie piracy in Peru,” Living in Peru, December 10, 2010.

In 2009, 45.4 percent of coca was from Peru, 39.3 from Colombia and 15.3 percent from Bolivia.

119,000 metric tons of coca leaf was from Peru, with Colombia producing 103,000 metric tons.

For processed cocaine, Colombia still lead the world in terms of production in 2009 with 410 tons.

(Additional cocaine facts.)

Source: AFP, “Peru becomes the world’s leading coca producer: UN,” Google News, June 22, 2010.

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In the ten years between 1998 to 2008, the area devoted to coca cultivation in Peru increased by 45 percent. In 2008 alone, the area of coca cultivation increased by 4.5 percent in Peru from the previous year.

In contrast, in 2008 coca cultivation in Colombia decreased by 18 percent from the previous year.

(See more facts about cocaine here.)

Source: Simon Romero, “Coca Growing Surges in Peru as Drug Fight Shifts Trade,” New York Times, June 13, 2010.

According to the United Nations, in 2008 South America had 167,600 hectares devoted to cocaine production, a decrease of 8 percent of 2007.

The cultivation area of Colombia accounted for 430 tons of cocaine, or 48.3 percent of the total amount cultivated in South America. Peru accounted for 302 tons, or 33.5 percent of the total amount.

(Latest facts about cocaine use and production.)

Source: “Peru may overtake Colombia in cocaine output: U.N.,” Reuters, February 23, 2010.

At the start of 2010, Colombia was the largest producer of cocaine in the world, followed by Peru.

Source: Luis Andres Henao, “Latin America rejects old U.S. approach in drugs war,” Reuters, January 29, 2010.

90 percent of all coca harvested in Peru ends up as cocaine, with the remaining coca used as tea or chewed as a mild stimulant.

(Latest cocaine facts and statistics.)

Source:  Terry Wade, “Cocaine and rebels haunt Peru’s remote jungle,” Reuters, December 15, 2009.

Illegal logging in Peru lead to an estimated $44.5 Million in losses in 2005.

Source: “Peru losses $44.5 million to illegal logging,” illegal-logging.info, February 1, 2006.

Cocaine that is produced in Peru generates an estimated $20 Billion a year in sales around the world.

(More crime in Peru statistics.)

Source:  Leslie Josephs and Robert Kozak, “Peru Battles Cocaine Producers,” Wall Street Journal, September 22, 2009.

In FY09, authorities in the United States seized $7.8 Million in counterfeit dollars that was believed to have been manufactured in Peru.

In addition, more than $18.2 Million in fake dollars was also seized in raids conducted in Peru.

Source:  Josh Meyer, “U.S. officials troubled by fake currency flowing from Peru,” Los Angeles Times, September 13, 2009.