Global Security Threats From The Black Market


    Havocscope displays information about the black market through the following sections:


  1. Security ThreatsCountries
  2. PricesIllegal Jobs and Profits
  3. Crowdsourced DataMarket Value

  4. Havocscope also collects the latest black market intelligence and threat assessments. The security threats from black market activities are categorized in the following sections. Click on the category to see the black markets relating to the topic.


  5. Business Security ThreatsEnvironmental Threats
  6. Substance AbuseTransnational Crime


LATEST BLACK MARKET INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY THREATS


What is the black market? How big is it? What types of goods are sold in the black market? To create a clearer picture, Havocscope collects the latest black market intelligence and security threats from a wide range of sources. These public sources includes criminal justice programs, security and intelligence agencies, news articles and user submitted data. The source of the black market intelligence is listed at the bottom of each post.



At the start of 2015, media reports place the average ransomware demand to be $500.

This figure is based upon several public sources.

The first source is based upon a writer in the New York Times who stated that her mother was a victim of ransomware. The authors mother had her computer locked up based on CryptoWall. After encrypting the computer, the malware demanded $500 to be paid by Bitcoins release the hold. If the amount wasn’t paid by the end of the week, then the demand would increase to $1,000.

The second source is from a report by The Economist. In its article, the magazine reports that the average ransom has fallen from $800 several years ago. It uses examples of extortion victims who paid $644 (€510) in Italy, and a sheriffs office in Tennessee that paid $572 to recover thousands of files that were encrypted. The Economist also states that between August and December 2014, around 16,000 people paid $7 Million (8 Million Australian Dollars) after their computers were encrypted with ransomware.

The owner of the Bitcoin wallet that received the ransom in Italy received up to $109,400 worth of bitcoins in following 8 days after the ransomware was discovered.

Source:  Alina Simone, “How My Mom Got Hacked,” New York Times, January 2, 2015.

Source:  “Your money or your data,” Economist, January 15, 2015.

According to statistics from the Office of the Narcotics Control Board and the Narcotics Suppression Bureau, there are 1.3 million people in Thailand who are addicted to drugs. This translates to roughly 2 percent of Thailand’s population.

Out of the 1.3 million drug addicts in the country, 250,000 have been prosecuted at one time and have been sent to prison. Military officials stated taht in some years, between 60 to 70 percent of soldiers signing up for the Thai Military have a history of drug addiction.

During the 2013-2014 fiscal year, public health officials stated that 359,399 drug addicts in Thailand underwent rehabilitation programs.

Source:  King-oua Laohong, “Thailand ‘now a drugs hub’ ,” Bangkok Post, December 19, 2014.

An investigation by the New York Times found that Al Queada and its affiliates have taken at least $125 million in revenue from kidnapping for ransom since 2008. Roughly half, or $66 Million, was paid out in 2013.

The United States Treasury put the total at $165 million for the same period.

Since 2008, the following countries have paid Al Qaeda the following amounts (given in 2014 US dollars) for releasing kidnapped citizens:

  • France: $58.1 Million
  • Qatar and Oman: $20.4 Million
  • Switzerland: $12.4 Million
  • Spain: $11 Million
  • Austria: $3.2 Million
  • Undetermined Countries: $21.4 Million

Analysis conducted by the NY Times found that 15 percent of hostages that have been taken by Al Qaeda between 2008 and 2014 were executed or died in captivity.

Source: Rukmini Callimachi, “Paying Ransoms, Europe Bankrolls Qaeda Terror,” New York Times, July 29, 2014

According to a report by the United Nations, an estimated $6.6 Million was made in 2010 by human smugglers bringing in illegal migrants to the United States.

The revenue was generated by migrants paying anywhere between $150 to $100,000. The fees charged by the smugglers was dependent on the immigrants country of origin. Charges covered everything needed for the journey, such as hotel stays, bribes and taxes paid to the drug cartels.

The United States Border Control apprehended 57,000 unaccompanied minors trying to illegaly enter the United States between October 2013 and June 2014.

(More human smuggling statistics.)

Source: Associated Press, “Migration Spotlights Mexican ‘Coyote’ Smugglers,” ABC News, July 21, 2014

Buy VPN

According to security reporter Brian Kerbs, hackers are selling computer programs that automatically click on competitors advertisements in order to drain their budget.

The service automotates bots that commit click fraud throughout the Google Adsense network. By having bots click on the ads, a business can quickly drain their competitors ads to prevent it from being seen.

The service is available for sale on underground Russian forums and has both subscription and flat rate options. For $100, buyers of the service can target 3 to 10 ad units for up to 24 hours. For a flat rate of $1,000, small businesses can drain the ads of a handful of competitors and prevent them from being seen indefinitely.

Fees are paid upfront with the use of virtual currencies such as WebMoney.

(More prices of underground hacking services.)

Source:  Brian Kerbs, ” Hacker service drains Google AdWords budgets,” Sydney Morning Herald, June 28, 2014

According to a study by the Small Arms Survey, there are an estimated 10 million firearms and guns circulating in the hands of civilians in Thailand.

The price of buy a gun in Thailand costs about $2,600 on the black market, according to previous reports.

(More prices of AK-47s and other guns on the black market.)

Source:  Charlie Campbell, “If There’s Going to Be a Thai Civil War, Isaan Will Be Its Front Line,” Time, July 2, 2014.

The agency responsible for anti-money laundering campaigns in Singapore reported an increase in cases during 2013.

According to the Commercial Affairs Department, the agency received 22,417 suspicious transaction reports during the 2013 year, and increase of 25 percent from the previous year. In 341 instances, the agency provided intelligence to foreign agencies, up from the 160 cases of intelligence sharing that took place in 2012.

In total, security officials in Singapore seized over $92 Million (115 Million Singaporean Dollars) in suspected criminal proceeds.

According to a spokesman for the agency, more transnational organized crime groups are using the country’s financial industry in order to move their illicit funds.

(All money laundering statistics here.)

 

Security forces in Cambodia arrested two Cambodia men for organizing a kidney selling ring in Thailand. The men ran an organ trafficking ring that sent 5 people to hospitals in Thailand with fake documents in order to have their kidneys removed.

According to police officials, the men sold the kidney’s for $10,000 (325,000 Thai Baht). To the human sellers who sold their kidneys, the men paid them between $3,000 to $5,000.

(See how much kidneys sell for on the black market.)

According to reports from wildlife organization Save the Elephants, the price for raw ivory in China was $2,100 per kilogram.

Back in 2010, the price of the ivory was $750 per kilo.

Between 2010 and 2012, up to 33,000 elephants were poached and killed on average each year.

(See all wildlife trafficking statistics here.)

 

Between 2011 and 2013, authorities in Chile seized 362,752 pirated books from stores across the country. The pirated books were valued at $1.5 Million. In 2013, a total of 6,559 pirated books valued at $106,000 were seized in Chile. The rate of seizures has increased in 2014, with 13,181 pirated books being seized in the first three months of the year, or more than doubled the total amount for 2013. Most of the pirated books seized in Chile are children’s books and literature books. However, police have seen an increase in pirated textbooks in 2014. For example, the textbook Atlas of Human Anatomy is the main book used for health programs in universities in Chile. Officials have seized 34 pirated copies in the first 3 months of 2014. The pirated textbook costs $35, while an original copy of the textbook cots $200. According to security officials, pirated book smugglers from Peru have strapped copies to their bodies and have smuggled it into the country by copying the tactics of drug traffickers.