An investigation by the New York Times found that Al Queada and its affiliates have taken at least $125 million in revenue from kidnapping for ransom since 2008. Roughly half, or $66 Million, was paid out in 2013.
The United States Treasury put the total at $165 million for the same period.
Since 2008, the following countries have paid Al Qaeda the following amounts (given in 2014 US dollars) for releasing kidnapped citizens:
- France: $58.1 Million
- Qatar and Oman: $20.4 Million
- Switzerland: $12.4 Million
- Spain: $11 Million
- Austria: $3.2 Million
- Undetermined Countries: $21.4 Million
Analysis conducted by the NY Times found that 15 percent of hostages that have been taken by Al Qaeda between 2008 and 2014 were executed or died in captivity.
Source: Rukmini Callimachi, “Paying Ransoms, Europe Bankrolls Qaeda Terror,” New York Times, July 29, 2014
According to a 2010 study, 78 percent of the sex workers in Austria are not Austrian women and are from foreign countries. In Germany, 63 percent of the sex workers were foreign women, with two thirds of the sex workers originating from Central and Eastern Europe. Previously, the number of foreign sex workers in Germany was 52 percent in 1999.
In total, there are about 400,000 prostitutes working in Germany, with 93 percent being female.
Germany legalized prostitution in 2002, and prostitution in Austria has been taxed since 1986.
Source: Clare Speak, “Out in the open: Forms of legal prostitution heighten human trafficking risks in poorer EU states,” Prague Post, May 22, 2013.
A study by the opposition Green Party in Austria stated that corruption created a $22 Billion (€17 Billion) economic impact on the country’s economy. The effect of corruption was about 5 percent of Austria’s total economic output.
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Austria has not convicted a single citizen for foreign bribery crimes since the country ratified the Anti-Bribery Convention in 1999.
Source: Jonathan Tirone, “Corruption Shaves 5% Off Austria’s Economy, Greens Say,” Bloomberg, January 9, 2013.
Authorities in Austria arrested 9,812 people who were attempting to illegally enter the country in 2011, an increase of 44 percent from 2010.The majority of the people attempting to illegally enter the country were from Afghanistan, Russia and Pakistan.
Police also arrested 288 human smugglers in 2011. The human smugglers were originally from Greece, Turkey and Austria.
Source: “Human smuggling on the increase,” Austria Times, March 21, 2012.
A report by the Association for the Reintegration of Women in Prostitution (APRAMP) stated that 39 percent of Spanish men have paid for the services of a prostitute at least once.
Following Spain, the next four highest usage of prostitution by male citizens of the country were Switzerland (19 percent of men), Austria (15 percent), Netherlands (14 percent), and Sweden (13 percent).
An estimated 700,000 women work as prostitutes across the European Union.
(Number of prostitutes in various countries.)
Source: “39% of Spaniards have hired the services of a prostitute,” Spanish Review, October 26, 2011.
The Foreign Minister of Austria stated that up to 7,000 people are entering the city of Vienna each year under the control of human trafficking groups.
(More human trafficking facts and stories.)
Source: AP, “Human trafficking affects 7,000 a year in Vienna,” Khaleej Times, October 17, 2009.