1. France $9.85 Billion


  2. Black Market Crime in France


France Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from France’s black market. Intelligence and security information collected from government agencies, news articles and other public data sources.

An investigation by the New York Times found that Al Queada and its affiliates have taken at least $125 million in revenue from kidnapping for ransom since 2008. Roughly half, or $66 Million, was paid out in 2013.

The United States Treasury put the total at $165 million for the same period.

Since 2008, the following countries have paid Al Qaeda the following amounts (given in 2014 US dollars) for releasing kidnapped citizens:

  • France: $58.1 Million
  • Qatar and Oman: $20.4 Million
  • Switzerland: $12.4 Million
  • Spain: $11 Million
  • Austria: $3.2 Million
  • Undetermined Countries: $21.4 Million

Analysis conducted by the NY Times found that 15 percent of hostages that have been taken by Al Qaeda between 2008 and 2014 were executed or died in captivity.

Source: Rukmini Callimachi, “Paying Ransoms, Europe Bankrolls Qaeda Terror,” New York Times, July 29, 2014

A man in Monaco paid a pair of hitmen over $330,000 (€250,000) in cash and gifts to kill his mother-in-law.

Wojciech Janowski previously serviced as Poland’s honorary counsel in Monaco and was married to the daughter of a heiress. In an attempt to gain access to the wealth of the mother-in-law, Janowski paid $272,000 (€200,000) in cash and an additional $67,000 (€50,000) in gifts.

Security officials do not believe that the wife of Janowski and the daughter of the victim had anything to do with the contract killing.

Source: AFP, “Son-in-law charged with contract killing of Monaco heiress,” Channel NewsAsia, June 28, 2014.

An Air France executive was arrested was running a prostitution ring in France.

The executive would bring in girls from Brazil into France while claiming that the girls were family members. By claiming that the girls were related to him, the executive was able to fly them to France at the family-member discount rate of $207 (€150).

While in France, the girls were kept at various apartments located near the Louvre and other Paris neighborhoods. The girls would be forced to service up to 5 men a day at a rate of $207 (€150) per client.

In total, security officials state that the man made up to $2.7 Million (€2 Million) a year.

(Additional prostitution statistics.)

Source:  Rory Mulholland, “Air France executive and wife ‘ran £2m prostitution ring through airline’,” Telegraph, April 28, 2014.

Additional prostitution stats and prices available in our ebook:
prostitutionbook

Police in France broke up a black market smuggling ring that was providing frog legs to Chefs across France.

The three men were found with nearly 1,100 illegally grown frogs for the purpose of cutting of their legs to sell to restaurants. Criminal justice officials state that the amount of frog legs that the men had would have been worth $666 (£400) on the black market.

According to food industry sources, a dozen pairs of frogs legs are sold for $11 (£7) to French Chefs. Up to 100 million pairs of frog legs are eaten every year.

(More prices of exotic wildlife for sale on the black market.)

Source:  Emma Glanfield, “Poaching gang caught slicing off frogs’ legs and selling them to French chefs on the black market,” Daily Mail, March 27, 2014.

In 2013, criminal justice programs in the Netherlands investigated 175 cases of human smuggling across the country. The number of smuggling cases were an increase of 25 percent from the human smuggling cases investigated in 2012.

An estimated 1,500 people are residing in the Netherlands without proper documents or visas. Most of these individuals originated from Afghanistan and Syria. Security officials state that most of the people are attempting to continue onto Germany, Scandinavia or France.

The Royal Military Police also investigated 122 human trafficking cases in the Netherlands in 2013. The trafficking cases increased by 10 percent from 2012.

(Price of human traffickers and victims when sold.)

Source:  Mazime Zech, “More Human Trafficking Last Year,” NL Times, March 21, 2014.

Out of the roughly 20,000 prostitutes working in France, up to 15 percent are men. Most cater to gay men and only a small number of the prostitutes accept women as clients.

A male prostitute who caters to both men and women stated that he charges up to $405 (€300) per hour, while another prostitute stated that he charges between $200 to $243 (€150 €180 ) per hour. Both of these rates are in line with what woman prostitutes charge per hour.

When asked what type of woman make up their clientele, the prostitutes stated that they are aged between 35 and 70 years old and reflects all walks of life. Like their female counterparts, these men take security precautions such as notifying another person where they will be headed and the client they are with.

Source:  Gaelle Dupont, “The Male Prostitutes Of France Have Their Say,” Le Monde, translated at Worldcrunch, February 3, 2014.

According to a survey conducted in France, one in three people in the country stated that they earned income in 2013 that was not taxed. In 2008, the figure was 13 percent.

Half of all people earning money as a babysitter did not declare their earnings in 2013. Half of teaching assistants also did not declare their earnings.

42 percent of domestic cleaners were paid under the table.

Of the over 1,000 people surveyed, 20 percent stated that they would pay in cash for services received.

The government agency that is responsible for collecting social security payments in France stated that the revenue coming in dropped by 8 percent in 2013. However, the number of people receiving benefits only dropped by 1 to 2 percent. Thus, experts believe that households in France are declaring less hours worked by babysitters and cleaners and are instead paying more in cash.

(Earnings and income from illegal jobs.)

Source:  Anne Penketh, “Vive la black market! One in three French people say they have earned undeclared income this year,” Independent, December 8, 2013.

In 2012, police in France arrested 572 pimps throughout the year and broke up 51 human trafficking networks that were operating in the country, according to criminal justice programs. The number of human trafficking networks identified was 30 percent higher than the number of networks operating in the country in 2010.

There are an estimated 20,000 prostitutes working in France. 90 percent of the prostitutes are from foreign countries. In 1990, the number of foreign prostitutes in France was at 20 percent.

(Number of prostitutes in the world.)

Source:  “Prostitution in France: Turning off the red light,” Economist, December 7, 2013.

On an average day in 2012, security agents in France seized $400,600 (€300,000) in cash that was being smuggled in order to avoid taxes. The amount seized in France in 2012 ws 50 percent higher than the amount of cash seized daily in 2011. In the first 3 months of 2013, customs agents in France seized $137 Million (€103 Million) in cash.

In Italy, $165 Million in bulk cash was seized at the country’s five main airports in 2012.  In the first nine months of 2013, the security services of Italy were close to passing that figure for the year.

Between January and November 2013, security agents in Spain seized $23 Million (€17.5) Million in cash.

Criminal justice departments across the European Union state that the rise in cash smuggling seizures stems from the crackdown on tax evasion activities. As countries such as Switzerland open up bank accounts to tax investigations, more people are attempting to move their assets by old-fashion means of transporting cash.

According to EU law, a traveler is allowed to carry up to €10,000 in cash.

(More bulk cash smuggling statistics and money laundering cases.)

Source:  Doreen Carvajal and Raphael Minder, “European Borders Tested as Money Is Moved to Shield Wealth,” New York Times, November 3, 2013.

In France, a group of Roma were arrested and convicted in court for operating a child trafficking ring where the children were forced to steal.

Criminal justice officials stated in court that child brides were being sold for $270,000 in cash. The value of the child was based upon the child’s ability to steal. One Roma told the court that he was stealing up to $7,000 worth of cash and jewels a month for his parents since he was 13.

(Earnings and profit from the under the table activities.)

Source:  Dan Bilefsky, “Are the Roma Primitive, or Just Poor?,” New York Times, October 19, 2013.