According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, organized crime groups that facilitate human smuggling are able to generate up to $109 Million a year from transporting illegal migrants around the world.
Most of the people that are smuggled are from Afghanistan and Pakistan, and are attempting to enter Australia by traveling by sea across the Indian Ocean. Many of the people that utilize these services are religious minorities who are escaping persecution and attempting to claim asylum in Australia.
There are also cases reported of Pakistani migrants who are smuggled to Europe. According to the UNODC, there have been incidents where the migrants have been caught holding fake id cards and counterfeit documents.
In addition, security services has also seen an increase in people from Syria and Egypt using these human smuggling networks to escape the violence in their countries.
Source: Ayaz Gul, “UN: Human Trafficking Increasing in Pakistan,” Voice of America, January 23, 2014.
Risk consultancy firm Control Risks released their Risk Map 2014, which highlights the areas of potential threats in 2014.
In the report, the company highlighted the countries in 2013 that had the most incidents of kidnapping for ransom during the year.
The top 5 countries where kidnapping for ransom took place are as follows:
The Asia Pacific region had the most reported incidents, with 35 percent of all global kidnappings reported.
Source: Steven Perlberg, “The 20 Countries Where People Get Kidnapped The Most,” Business Insider, December 12, 2013.
Full Report: “Risk Map 2014,” Control Risks.
According to a Pakistan news report, up to one million people in the country are addicted to heroin.
Half of the heroin addicts use needles and inject the drug while using. Of the 500,000 who are heroin injectors, nearly 30 percent, or 150,000 people, are infected with HIV.
All of the heroin that is consumed in Pakistan is trafficked from neighboring Afghanistan. In 2013, the United Nations estimated that up to 5,500 tonnes of opium was cultivated in Afghanistan.
(How much heroin cost on the streets per gram)
Source: Pakistan has estimated one million heroin users,” The News International, December 15, 2013.
In a study of global commercial truck drivers, nearly half of drivers tested postive to using alcohol when driving, and 30 percent used amphetamines to stay awake during long trips.
The study conducted by the Universidada Estadual de Londrina in Brazil found that the number of users varied widely by country. In Brazil, 91 percent of truck drivers stated that they drank alcohol while working, compared to 9 percent in Pakistan.
83 percent of truck drivers in Thailand tested positive for amphetamines, compared to 0.2 percent in Norway.
In the United States, 12.5 percent of commercial drivers tested positive for alcohol.
The Federal Highway Police in Brazil stated that marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines and LSD were all easily found at gas stations and rest stop locations. Brazil has the most traffic accidents in the world.
Source: Kathyrn Doyle, “Drug use high among commercial truck drivers: study,” Reuters, October 25, 2013.
Media reports state that organized child beggars in Islamabad, Pakistan earn between $1.88 to $2.36 (200 to 250 Pakistani Rupees). At the end of the day, all money earned by the children are turned over to the ring leader.
Security officials state that many of the children are recruited, trained, and relocated to popular locations. The children often use illegal drugs such as cocaine and marijuana in order to become dependent to the ring leader.
(Income and cash from illegal jobs on the underground economy.)
Source: “Beggar mafia fast spreading its activities,” The News International, October 20, 2013.
According to study released by Australian NGO Walk Free Foundation, there are 29.8 million people living as slaves in the world as of 2013. The foundation defined slaves as people who are in forced labor conditions, victims of human trafficking, children who were bought and sold, and women forced into marriage.
India has the most slaves in the world, with the number of slaves in the country reported to be between 13.3 million and 14.7 million people. China had the second most slaves, with 2.8 million to 3.1 million people living in slave-like conditions. Pakistan had the third most, with 2 to 2.2 million slaves.
Source: Krishnadev Calamur, “India, China Top List Of Nations With Most Slaves,” NPR, October 17, 2013, and Alexander Smith, “30 million people still live in slavery, human rights group says,” NBC News, October 17, 2013.
Security officials in the Pakistani city of Karachi reported that there were 148 cases of kidnapping for ransom in the first 9 months of 2013, the highest number of kidnappings reported in the city in two decades. 129 cases have been solved.
Intelligence analysts state that there are mainly 5 kidnapping groups operating in Karachi.The targets of the kidnappings are generally wealthy businessman such as bankers or their children. The victims are abducted into pick-ups are are taken out of the city where they are held for ransom. In the ransom demands to families, the kidnappers demand between $941 to $2,823 (100,000 to 300,000 Pakistani Rupee) in ransom. Security officials have reported that if the ransom is not paid, then the hostage is killed and dumped.
35 percent of all kidnapping cases in Karachi involved domestic workers helping the kidnappers.
Source: Salis bin Perwaiz, “Number of kidnapping cases this year highest in two decades,” News International, October 7, 2013.
Organized crime gangs operating in Pakistan collect up to $2.5 Million (270 Million Pakistani Rupees) each year from extortion threats to truck drivers. According to the truckers union, over $37 Million (4 Billion Rupees) have been collected by organized crime groups in the past 15 years.
Drivers of 10 wheel trucks are forced to pay $18 (2,000 Rupees) in extortion, while 6 wheel trucks pay $9 (1,000 Rupees).
Source: Shakeel Anjum, “Extortionists ‘forcibly collect Rs750,000 daily from truckers’,” News International, September 25, 2013.
Pakistan Tobacco Company (PTC) stated in their annual report that 18.4 percent of total cigarette sales in Pakistan in 2012 were either smuggled or were counterfeit cigarettes.
The black market tobacco trade created over $1.9 Million (2 Billion Pakistani Rupee) in losses to the legitimate tobacco industry in Pakistan.
Between 2007 and 2012, the illicit trade increased over 60 percent.
Company officials claim that the high tax rate in Pakistan on cigarettes is the cause of the smuggling. The tax on a pack of cigarettes if sold in a retail store ranges from 68.5 percent to 81 percent.
Source: Faroq Baloch, “Spreading like fire: One in four cigarettes sold is smuggled or counterfeit,” Express Tribune, September 1, 2013.
In the first 6 months of 2013, Citizen-Police Liaison Committee, there were 74 kidnapping for ransom cases in the Pakistani city of Karachi.
In 2012, there were a total of 132 people who were kidnapped for ransom in the city.
The Pakistani Supreme Court conducted an investigation and found that many kidnapping gangs in the country has sources and connections with the police and financial industry.
A reported 25 percent of police officers are estimated to have either been directly involved in kidnapping or assist the kidnappers in some fashion.
Along with the police, domestic servants and other low level workers for successful families are invoked in tipping off kidnappers. These workers are generally paid between 5 to 10 percent of the ransom.
(Additional prices and earnings on the black market.)
Source: Javed Mirza, “Kidnapping for ransom big business in Karachi,” The News, August 31, 2013.