In a study of global commercial truck drivers, nearly half of drivers tested postive to using alcohol when driving, and 30 percent used amphetamines to stay awake during long trips.
The study conducted by the Universidada Estadual de Londrina in Brazil found that the number of users varied widely by country. In Brazil, 91 percent of truck drivers stated that they drank alcohol while working, compared to 9 percent in Pakistan.
83 percent of truck drivers in Thailand tested positive for amphetamines, compared to 0.2 percent in Norway.
In the United States, 12.5 percent of commercial drivers tested positive for alcohol.
The Federal Highway Police in Brazil stated that marijuana, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines and LSD were all easily found at gas stations and rest stop locations. Brazil has the most traffic accidents in the world.
Source: Kathyrn Doyle, “Drug use high among commercial truck drivers: study,” Reuters, October 25, 2013.
Media reports state that organized child beggars in Islamabad, Pakistan earn between $1.88 to $2.36 (200 to 250 Pakistani Rupees). At the end of the day, all money earned by the children are turned over to the ring leader.
Security officials state that many of the children are recruited, trained, and relocated to popular locations. The children often use illegal drugs such as cocaine and marijuana in order to become dependent to the ring leader.
(More black market income earnings.)
Source: “Beggar mafia fast spreading its activities,” The News International, October 20, 2013.
According to study released by Australian NGO Walk Free Foundation, there are 29.8 million people living as slaves in the world as of 2013. The foundation defined slaves as people who are in forced labor conditions, victims of human trafficking, children who were bought and sold, and women forced into marriage.
India has the most slaves in the world, with the number of slaves in the country reported to be between 13.3 million and 14.7 million people. China had the second most slaves, with 2.8 million to 3.1 million people living in slave-like conditions. Pakistan had the third most, with 2 to 2.2 million slaves.
Source: Krishnadev Calamur, “India, China Top List Of Nations With Most Slaves,” NPR, October 17, 2013, and Alexander Smith, “30 million people still live in slavery, human rights group says,” NBC News, October 17, 2013.
Security officials in the Pakistani city of Karachi reported that there were 148 cases of kidnapping for ransom in the first 9 months of 2013, the highest number of kidnappings reported in the city in two decades. 129 cases have been solved.
Intelligence analysts state that there are mainly 5 kidnapping groups operating in Karachi.The targets of the kidnappings are generally wealthy businessman such as bankers or their children. The victims are abducted into pick-ups are are taken out of the city where they are held for ransom. In the ransom demands to families, the kidnappers demand between $941 to $2,823 (100,000 to 300,000 Pakistani Rupee) in ransom. Security officials have reported that if the ransom is not paid, then the hostage is killed and dumped.
35 percent of all kidnapping cases in Karachi involved domestic workers helping the kidnappers.
Source: Salis bin Perwaiz, “Number of kidnapping cases this year highest in two decades,” News International, October 7, 2013.
Organized crime gangs operating in Pakistan collect up to $2.5 Million (270 Million Pakistani Rupees) each year from extortion threats to truck drivers. According to the truckers union, over $37 Million (4 Billion Rupees) have been collected by organized crime groups in the past 15 years.
Drivers of 10 wheel trucks are forced to pay $18 (2,000 Rupees) in extortion, while 6 wheel trucks pay $9 (1,000 Rupees).
Source: Shakeel Anjum, “Extortionists ‘forcibly collect Rs750,000 daily from truckers’,” News International, September 25, 2013.
Pakistan Tobacco Company (PTC) stated in their annual report that 18.4 percent of total cigarette sales in Pakistan in 2012 were either smuggled or were counterfeit cigarettes.
The black market tobacco trade created over $1.9 Million (2 Billion Pakistani Rupee) in losses to the legitimate tobacco industry in Pakistan.
Between 2007 and 2012, the illicit trade increased over 60 percent.
Company officials claim that the high tax rate in Pakistan on cigarettes is the cause of the smuggling. The tax on a pack of cigarettes if sold in a retail store ranges from 68.5 percent to 81 percent.
Source: Faroq Baloch, “Spreading like fire: One in four cigarettes sold is smuggled or counterfeit,” Express Tribune, September 1, 2013.
In the first 6 months of 2013, Citizen-Police Liaison Committee, there were 74 kidnapping for ransom cases in the Pakistani city of Karachi.
In 2012, there were a total of 132 people who were kidnapped for ransom in the city.
The Pakistani Supreme Court conducted an investigation and found that many kidnapping gangs in the country has sources and connections with the police and financial industry.
A reported 25 percent of police officers are estimated to have either been directly involved in kidnapping or assist the kidnappers in some fashion.
Along with the police, domestic servants and other low level workers for successful families are invoked in tipping off kidnappers. These workers are generally paid between 5 to 10 percent of the ransom.
(Additional prices and earnings on the black market.)
Source: Javed Mirza, “Kidnapping for ransom big business in Karachi,” The News, August 31, 2013.
The Forced Marriage Unit in the United Kingdom’s Foreign Office investigates up to 1,500 cases a year.
Nearly half of the cases of forced marriage investigated involve marriages with individuals in Pakistan. 11 percent of the cases involve Bangladesh, and 8 percent involve India. The remaining cases are spread out to over 50 different countries.
The unit reported that the youngest victim that they have come across who was forced into marriage was two years old.
Source: Andy McSmith, “Girls escape forced marriage by concealing spoons in clothing to set off metal detectors at the airport,” Independent, August 15, 2013.
Between October 2001 and June 2012, the Australian Crime Commission reported that 964 people died while attempting to reach Australia for asylum purposes.
605 of the deaths occurred between October 2009 and June 2012.
A majority of the people who died who were attempting to reach Australia originated from Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
The number of people who have been seeking asylum by boat in Australia has been increasing each year. In 2008-2009, a reported 985 people landed in Australia. In 2009-2010, the number jumped to 5,327, dropped slightly to 4,750 in 2010-2011, and then doubled to 8,092 people in 2011-2012.
Source: “People Smuggling Has Led To Almost 1,000 Deaths, Says Report,” Bernama, July 30, 2013.
According to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), there are an estimated 51 million girls under the age of 18 who are married worldwide.
In addition to the minors who are already married, the ICRW estimates that an underage girl gets married every three seconds, or 10 million child marriages during the year.
In countries such as Pakistan, there is an illegal custom called Swara where young girls are forcibly married off to settle family and tribal disputes. According to figures collected by activists, at least 180 cases of young girls being forced into marriage occur. An article by Foreign Policy magazine reported on a 5 year old girl who was married off to an older man as compensation.
70 percent of girls in Pakistan are married before they reach the age of 16, according to UNICEF.
Source: Adriana Carranca, “Malala’s Forgotten Sisters,” Foreign Policy, July 12, 2013.