The European Commission for Home Affairs released a study that found the European Union loses at least $162 Billion (€120 Billion) to corruption each year.
More than 75 percent of citizens in EU member states believe that corruption is widespread in their country. More than half also stated that they felt corruption was increasing in their country.
The top countries where citizens expected to pay bribes to officials were in Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. In these countries, between 6 to 29 percent of people surveyed reported that they had either been asked for a bribe or was expected to pay a bribe within the last year. In many of the incidents, the bribes were prevalent in the healthcare industry. An example was previously reported in about the corruption in Romania’s healthcare industry.
The lowest rate of bribes were reported in the United Kingdom, where less than 1 percent reported that they either paid a bribe or were expected to.
In a survey of businesses, four out of 10 companies stated that corruption was an obstacle to doing business in the EU.
(More on the effects of corruption.)
Source: “Corruption across EU ‘breathtaking’ – EU Commission,” BBC News, February 3, 2014.
According to information submitted by readers to Havocscope, average price to buy cocaine in Poland is $80. In the capital of Warsaw, the price of a gram of cocaine is generally more expensive and is sold on the black market for $90 to $100. Often, cocaine is offered at a cheaper rate. However, the submitted stated that this generally means that it is not pure cocaine but rather mephedrone laced with lidocaine. The figures released by the United Nations in its World Drug Report last stated that cocaine is sold for $53 per gram.
The cost to buy marijuana was also submitted to Havocscope. The average price for a gram of weed is generally $10 in Poland, with prices going up to $20. Another submission stated that it costs $6.6 to $9.9 per gram for marijuana on the black market. The United Nations stated that marijuana costs an average of $6.6 per gram.
Source: Reader submission to Havocscope, received on December 27, 2013.
2.4 million people in Poland paid for pirated content online in 2012. According to the head of the Association of television executives, many of the people paying for pirated content did not know that it was unlicensed. Websites offering television and entertainment options to Polish customers create professionally looking sites that customers are lead to believe are legitimate. These sites in Poland make over $3.2 Million (10 Million Polish Zlotys) per year.
Entertainment executives estimate that for every one person in Poland accessing licensed content online, there are two people pirating content.
Source: Chris Dziadul, “Scale of Polish online piracy revealed,” Broadband TV News, October 21, 2013.
An estimated 20 percent of teenage prostitutes in Poland provide sexual services to receive designer clothes and other luxury items as payments.
The average age girls enters prostitution in Poland is 15.
Across the entire country, the US State Department reports that there are between 18,000 to 20,000 women working in the sex trade.
Source: Dan Bilefsky, “Dark Film on Teenagers Echoes From Mall to Church,” New York Times, March 4, 2010.
Source: United States Department of State, “2009 Human Rights Report: Poland”, March 11, 2010.
Cigarette smuggling in Poland led to 750 million cigarettes being seized by Customs in 2009, an increase from the 100 million illegal cigarettes seized in 2008.
Source: “EU to crack down on cigarette smuggling,” Warsaw Business Journal, January 11, 2010.
7.7 percent of the population in Poland smoked marijuana at least once in their lifetime, and 0.8 percent of the population last used cocaine in 2005.
(Marijuana prices around the world.)
(Cocaine prices around the world.)