India Security Threats

Data and information about security threats from India’s black market. Intelligence data and security information collected from news articles and other public data sources.


A 10 day crackdown against counterfeit drugs coordinated by Interpoal in May 11 to 21, 2014 lead to 8.4 million doses of fake drugs.

237 people were arrested worldwide and 10,603 websites that were selling counterfeit medicines were shut down.

Fake pills being sold to the public included diet pills ad controlled pharmacy pills such as diazepam, anabolic steroids and erectile dysfunction pills.

In the United Kingdom, security agents seized fake drugs worht $31.3 Million (£18.6 Million). 72 percent of the counterfeit drugs seized in Britain were made in India, followed by 11 percent from China.

(Additional counterfeit drugs statistics.)

Source:  Ben Hirschler, “Fake medicines worth 18.6 million pounds seized in global crackdown,” Reuters, May 22, 2014.

Roughly 40 percent of those between the ages of 15 to 25 years old in Indian state of Punjab is addicted to some form of narcotics, whether it be heroin addiction or alcohol addiction. 48 percent of the farmers and laborers in the state are also considered to be addicts.

In the neighborhood of Amritsar, thousands of  men have died while in their 20s to 30s due to complications related to their drug addiction. In one school, about 70 percent of the students have lost one parent to drug addiction.

During election season, political parties in India hand out bottles of liquor and heroin to voters in an attempt to get them to vote for their candidates. In the two months of campaigning leading up to the April 20, 2014 voting day, nearly 700,000 liters of alcohol, 150 kilograms of heroin, and 30 tons of opium poppy husk was seized in Punjab. The election commission was receiving up to 60 calls each day of parties illegally handing out items during the campaign season.

(More crime in India statistics.)

Source:  Adi Narayan, “Wives Revolt as India Election Booze Leaves Trail of Widows,” Bloomberg, May 12, 2014.

According to the International Chamber of Commerce and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the sales of counterfeits and smuggling of fake goods into India caused sales losses of $11.9 Billion in 2012. This amount represented 21.7 percent of sales losses to companies.

Some of the consumer sectors that are impacted by counterfeits in India are the auto parts, alcohol, computer hardware, foods, mobile phone and tobacco industries.

(Counterfeit Goods Markets by Countries.)

Source: “2014 Special 301 Report,” Office of the United States Trade Representative, April 2014.


According to a report by accounting firm KPMG and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the estimated size of the illegal gambling market in India is worth $49 Billion (3 Trillion Rupees).

In a report by Reuters news, most of the illegal casinos operated out of jewelry shops. This allows the bookmaker to be able to wash and handle large amounts of cash. Bets placed at these illegal bookies range from $80 to $81,000 (5,000 to 5 Million Rupees).

Another popular form of illegal gambling in India is through the use of online casinos hosted outside of the country.

Source:  Manoj Kumar, “Wary of pollsters, Indians draw election tips from illegal bookies,” Reuters, March 24, 2014.

According to criminal justice officials, as of March 2014 an estimated 700 kilograms of gold is being smuggled into India every day.

Between March 2013 and March 2014, the rate of gold smuggling to India has increased by nearly 300 percent, according to the Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council. Officials state that the smuggling rate is the highest it has been in over two decades.

The high smuggling activities were caused by a rise in the duty of imported gold jewelery. Between March and December 2013, security services seized $41.18 Million (2,500 Million Indian Rupees) worth of gold at airports and entry ports across India. In the previous fiscal year, just 500 Million Rupees worth of gold was seized.

Source:  Shantanu Guha Ray, “Why gold smuggling is on the rise in India,” BBC News, March 13, 2014.

According to data released by criminal justice programs, India is a main supplier of illegal narcotics to countries in South Asia.

The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) reported that drugs and ingredients from India’s pharmaceutical industry is diverted to the black market. The illicit pharmaceutical pills are either trafficked domestically or smuggled on to the global black market.

In addition to prescription drugs, India provides most of the heroin that is consumed in Bangladesh. Most of the cannabis that is consumed in Bangladesh and Nepal is also produced in India and smuggled across the border.

Most of the ephedrine and pseudoephedrine uses to make meth in Myanmar is believed to have originated from India as well.

The rate of opium seizures in India has grown in the last three years. In 2009, government security agencies seized about 1.7 tonnes of opium in India. In 2012, over 3 tonnes of opium was seized.

14 kilograms of cocaine was seized in India in 2011. In 2012, the amount of cocaine seized tripled to 42 kilograms.

(All prescription drug abuse statistics.)

Source:  “Prescription drug abuse growing in India: UN report,” Indian Express, March 5, 2014.

In 2013, criminal justice agencies at Narita International Airport in Japan seized 270 kilograms of illegal drugs. The amount of drugs seized was the highest amount recorded since the airport opened in 1978.

The illegal drugs were seized in 82 cases of drug smuggling. In 12 of the cases, the drugs were being smuggled into Japan from flights originating from India. Following India, the next country of origin was China, where 9 people were arrested with narcotics, followed by Hong Kong with 5 people being arrested.

The amount of illegal drugs seized at Narita Airport in 2013 had a street value of $184 Million (18.8 Billion Japanese Yen).

(How much does cocaine cost?)

Source:  Julian Ryall, “Japanese drug smugglers use online shoppers as mules,” South China Morning Post, March 1, 2014.

The Delhi Policd investigated 2010 cases of human trafficking in 2013. The number of cases investigated was up from the 186 cases of human trafficking the police handled in 2012.

A total of 1,032 human trafficking victims were rescued by various criminal justice programs in 2013, up from the 953 victims in 2012.

872 victims rescued in 2013 were men, compared to 768 men in 2012. A total of 160 women trafficking victims were rescued in 2013, down from the 185 women in 2012.

(More human trafficking statistics.)

Source:  Jatin Anand, “Human trafficking cases up by 10% in 2013, shows police data,” Hindustan Times, February 24, 2014.

There are an estimated  3,500 prostitutes working on Gartin Bastion Road in Delhi, India.

The prostitutes work out of 100 brothels that line the street.

According to reports, the price charged by the women prostitutes in G.B. road is $2.

Estimates from various criminal justice programs across India place the number of women working as prostitutes to be 3 million.

(More prostitution rates and prices.)

Source:  Sophie Cousins, “When mum is a prostitute,” Global Post, February 23, 2014.

According to criminal justice programs in India, sales of illegal drugs in Goa, India is worth $950 Million a year.

The types of drugs sold in the Western state includes all major drugs such as cocaine, ecstasyheroin, methamphetamine and marijuana.

Drug trafficking in the popular tourist areas were previously controlled by organized crime gangs with members from Britain, Israel, Russia, as well as domestic Indian gangs.

Since 2009, security intelligence and arrests have shown that there have been an increase in trafficking gangs from Nigeria. Between 2010 and 2013, police in Goa arrested 189 Nigerians for crimes such as drug trafficking or lacking proper visas and travel documents. Roughly 40 percent of all foreigners arrested for trafficking illegal drugs in Goa was from Nigeria.

(How much does heroin cost?)

Source:  Rama Lakshmi, “Tourism crisis on India’s ‘cocaine coast’,” Toronto Star, February 15, 2014.